The Limits of Victorian Federalism

English writers found federalism attractive because it seemed a solution to the problems posed by Europe’s emerging nationalities. Abstract In 1863, Edward Augustus Freeman published the first volume of his History of Federal Government, a study of ancient Greek federalism under the Achaean League. Though unknown today, Freeman was the most enthusiastic advocate of the[…]

A History of Federalism in the United States

Federalism was a political solution for the problems with the Articles of Confederation giving little authority to the federal government. Introduction Federalism in the United States is the constitutional division of power between U.S. state governments and the federal government of the United States. Since the founding of the country, and particularly with the end[…]

Octave Uzanne’s “The End of Books” (1894)

The Bibliophile’s vision of the bookless future is in some ways prescient. This article, Octave Uzanne’s “The End of Books” (1894), was originally published in The Public Domain Review under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0. If you wish to reuse it please see: https://publicdomainreview.org/legal/ The end of books has been declared many times. Over a century before[…]

John Locke’s Method for ‘Common-Place Books’ (1685)

Locke’s method built on a long tradition of commonplace note taking, most famously John Milton’s from the middle of the century. This article, John Locke’s Method for Common-Place Books (1685), was originally published in The Public Domain Review under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0. If you wish to reuse it please see: https://publicdomainreview.org/legal/ Popular in the seventeenth[…]

‘Talking Drums’: Long-Distance Communication in Early Africa

People have used drum telegraphy to communicate with each other from far away for centuries. Developed and used by cultures living in forested areas, drums served as an early form of long-distance communication, and were used during ceremonial and religious functions. Types of Drums “Talking” Drum While this type of hourglass-shaped instrument can be modulated[…]

A History of Pigeon Post Since the Ancient World

As a method of communication, it is likely as old as the ancient Persians, from whom the art of training the birds probably came. Introduction Pigeon post is the use of homing pigeons to carry messages. Pigeons were effective as messengers due to their natural homing abilities. The pigeons were transported to a destination in[…]