Nurses and Doctors Treating the Wounded on the Front Lines in World War I

World War One created thousands of casualties from physical wounds, illness, and emotional trauma. Introduction The First World War created thousands of casualties. New weapons such as the machine gun caused unprecedented damage to soldiers’ bodies. This presented new challenges to doctors on both sides in the conflict, as they sought to save their patients’[…]

A History of Nurses Fighting Disease on the Front Lines

Nurses have always been at the forefront during war, epidemics, and other times of disaster. May 12 was International Nurses Day, which commemorates the birthday of Florence Nightingale, the first “professional nurse.” The World Health Organization also named this year the “Year of the Nurse” in honor of Nightingale’s 200th birthday. To nurses everywhere, this[…]

Political and Personal Themes of the Graffiti in Ancient Pompeii

One of the most common types of graffiti found lining the streets of Pompeii were political graffiti. These graffiti opened a window into how the city of Pompeii was operated. Equally popular were graffiti that were simply personal comments or remarks. Let’s learn more about the political and personal graffiti of Pompeii. Political Campaign Graffiti[…]

The Amarna Letters: Communication in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia

The Amarna letters reveal a treasury of knowledge concerning the political relations and social customs of their times. Introduction The Amarna letters (sometimes “Amarna tablets”) are an archive of correspondence on clay tablets, mostly diplomatic, between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan and Mesopotamia. The letters were found in Upper Egypt at Amarna,[…]

The Culture of Lepenski Vir in Prehistoric Siberia

The site shows evidence of a culture which is more than 8000 years old. By Andela Sormaz Introduction Lepenski Vir (Serbian Cyrillic: Лепенски Вир, “Lepena Whirlpool”) is an ancient settlement on the banks of the Danube in eastern Serbia; more precisely, in Boljetin village, near Donji Milanovac. The site shows evidence of a culture which is more[…]

Prehistoric Human Footprints: A Snapshot of Ancient Human Behavior

The footprints of over 20 different prehistoric people show possible evidence for sexual division of labor in this ancient community. Introduction When it comes to reconstructing how ancient creatures lived, palaeontologists like us are as much detectives as we are scientists. We’re used to partial evidence, dead ends and red herrings. It’s especially hard to[…]