Photographic Rhetoric of Early 20th-Century Labor Rights Activism on May Day

The history of the American labor movement is a history of external and internal struggle. Abstract This article investigates American visual culture in the form of news photographs and its engagement with social (in)justice and labor legislation during the first two decades of the 20th century. Press photographs of the annual May Day parades in[…]

Child Labor and the Industrial Revolution

Industrialization led to a dramatic increase in child labor. Introduction This explores the dangerous, exhausting work undertaken by children in factories and mines, and the literary responses of writers including Charles Dickens and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Child labour was not an invention of the Industrial Revolution. Poor children have always started work as soon as[…]

Rivers Held a Spiritual Place in the Lives of the Cherokee

Water appeared at the very beginning of Cherokee cosmology. When anthropologist James Mooney published the first of his influential studies of Native American culture in 1888, “Myths of the Cherokee,” he was struck by the centrality of water in the Cherokee world. Mooney had spent a season living with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians[…]

Impacts of the Spanish Invasion on Pre-Columbian Cultures of the Americas

Impacts of the Spanish invasion on the pre-Columbian cultures of the Americas. Spanish Treasure In the age of piracy on the high seas, sailing instructions were top-secret documents upon which rested the security of the king’s fleet and his treasure. Here, Menéndez de Avilés, governor of Florida, gives Don Cristóbal de Eraso complicated and detailed[…]