Echoes of 1968

All the threads are there, flowing together into a raging, muddied river that serves up unimaginable challenges. The streets were on fire as National Guard troops streamed into American cities. The shouts were soaked in anger and anguish: “We’re sick of it!” There was dark talk of “radical agitators.” Violent outbursts and arrests piled up[…]

Ad Hoc Beatniks: The Committee to End Discrimination, 1963-1964

They ultimately achieved significant concessions for fair employment practices for African Americans in San Francisco. By Ammar Alqatari The Ad-Hoc Committee to End Discrimination played an instrumental role in the organization of the San Francisco civil rights movement during 1963-64. The group, formed mostly by young members of the Du Bois Clubs, organized and lead[…]

Causes and Impacts of the European Age of Exploration

A time when Europe was swept up in the Renaissance and the Reformation, other major changes were taking place in the world. Introduction With today’s global positioning satellites, Internet maps, cell phones, and superfast travel, it is hard to imagine exactly how it might have felt to embark on a voyage across an unknown ocean.[…]

Colonies and Empires: From the Medieval World to the Age of Discovery

For the colonizers, it was a tremendous success. For the colonized, it was a catastrophe of epic proportions. Introduction 1492: a decisive date in the history of humanity. For some, it was a tremendous discovery; for others, it was a catastrophe. It constitutes a clear demarcation in history, because the discovery of America would call[…]

The Byzantine Empire: Its Rise, Growth, and Fall to the Ottomans

This great empire lay in two continents, Europe and Asia. It lasted from about 500 to 1453 C.E., when it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks. Introduction At first, the Byzantine Empire was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the east. In 330 C.E., the Roman emperor Constantine moved his capital from Rome to[…]

The Legacy of the Roman Empire

Rome’s influence lives on in many ways today – in art, architecture and engineering, language and writing, philosophy, law, and citizenship. Introduction “All roads lead to Rome,” boasted the ancient Romans. For 500 years, from about 27 B.C.E. to 476 C.E., the city of Rome was the capital of the greatest empire the world had[…]

Examining the Ways in Which America Is Putting Up a Fight against the Coronavirus

Humankind’s battle against an invisible and what could be often termed as an invincible force of nature, is still a persistent one. People around the globe are putting up a brave fight in their own capacities and trying hard to combat a pandemic of this epic scale, something that has never been dealt with or[…]