No Pensions for Ex-Slaves: How Federal Agencies Suppressed Movement to Aid Freedpeople

The movement to grant pensions to ex-slaves faced strong opposition from three executive branch agencies. By Miranda Booker Perry Introduction The Union victory in the Civil War helped pave the way for the 13th amendment to formally abolish the practice of slavery in the United States. But following their emancipation, most former slaves had no[…]

A History of the Washington Monument

The geometric layout of Washington, D.C.’s streets and green spaces reserved a prominent space for a monument to George Washington. Introduction “First in War, First in Peace, and First in the hearts of his countrymen.” George Washington’s military and political leadership were indispensable to the founding of the United States. As commander of the Continental[…]

A History of Washington, D.C. from Its Early Settlement

Archaeological evidence indicates American Indians settled in the area at least 4,000 years ago, around the Anacostia River. Introduction The history of Washington, D.C., is tied to its role as the capital of the United States. Originally inhabited by an Algonquian-speaking people known as the Nacotchtank, the site of the District of Columbia along the Potomac River was first selected by President George Washington.[…]