Religion and State: The Influence of the Tokugawa in Japan, 1600-1868

Buddhism, Shintoism, and Neo-Confucianism and how the Tokugawa state used these religions to their advantage. The Tokugawa period in Japan began in 1600 and lasted until 1868, and was an era of peace throughout the realm. Before this time, Japan had experienced years of warfare between the different provinces, with various daimyo, or lords, fighting[…]

Francis Xavier and the Arrival of Christianity in Japan in 1549

In July 1549, Francis Xavier arrived in Japan, hoping to find success converting the Japanese to Christianity. A Discovery in Takatsuki In 1920, researchers from the Kyoto Imperial University in Japan made a miraculous discovery. They found a locked chest—seemingly unopened for centuries—tied to a beam in the ceiling of an old house. When they[…]

Moundville: A Native American Mississippian Culture Site

Moundville is the second largest “mound builder” site preserved in the USA after Cahokia in Illinois. By Dr. Joshua J. MarkProfessor of PhilosophyMarist College Introduction Moundville is an archaeological site and park in Hale County, Alabama, USA on the Black Warrior River enclosing a Native American site dated to c. 1100 – c. 1450 CE. The[…]

Exploring Cahokia, the Largest Pre-Columbian City in North America

It is thought that the Mississippian peoples built their mounds to focus spiritual power in a central location in their communities. Introduction Cahokia is a modern-day historical park in Collinsville, Illinois, enclosing the site of the largest pre-Columbian city on the continent of North America. The original name of this city has been lost – Cahokia is a[…]

How To Keep Political Campaigns Exciting for Modern Voters

In the beginning and right before election day, political campaigns are exciting. However, in “the middle,” things can lull. During these times, campaign teams must work hard to keep voters engaged about their political platforms and candidates they represent. Growing and maintaining this enthusiasm can help you achieve long-term and far-reaching success, regardless of the[…]