We must protect our ecological environment for generations to come and ensure that the things which make this land unique remain. When it comes to preserving our environment and the natural wonders found in this beautiful country, governments can support plenty of ways. If you’re looking to learn more about what responsibilities governments have or you’re looking for ways to encourage governments to do more, use this guide to better understand the five ways governments can support ecological health.
- Controlling pests
Pests and feral animals are one of the many factors that can lead to the degradation of our ecological environment in Australia. Whilst generally handled by environmental management specialists, organising feral animal control in Victoria and all other states is the government’s responsibility. By controlling the population of feral animals, governments can help to ensure these pests do less damage to the ecological health of our environment. Without control and monitoring of populations, feral animals can continue to breed and overrun a lot of the ecological beauty we see in our local environments.
Whether it’s for food, to build their habitats or simply clearing for their regular pathways, feral animals can cause serious damage to local environments and ecological health. Through organised animal control programs, governments can ensure this doesn’t happen.
- Work with big business
Pollution is one of the greatest threats to our ecological health, and many industries across the country are major contributors to this issue. It’s the government’s role to step in and work with big businesses to ensure they are actively working on policies and changes that will limit their impact and pollution. This includes setting clear standards for businesses to follow, creating incentives for businesses that exceed these standards and clear punishments for those who fail or choose not to follow the standards. These relationships with big businesses are crucial to supporting ecological health and holding organisations to their responsibilities as corporate citizens of Australia.
- Help change household behaviour
Households are a major contributor to the outcomes that can damage and impact our ecological health as a country. Governments can support all households through key educational and behavioural change initiatives. These initiatives include educating homes about smarter lighting choices, smarter energy usage and encouraging less landfill. All of these smart initiatives can be implemented by governments to help households learn and change the way they behave when it comes to contributing to damaging outcomes for our environment. Simple initiatives such as education on recycling and composting are two ways governments can almost instantly change behaviours for the betterment of our ecological health.
- Clean drinking water
Our waterways are a key part of our ecological health in Australia, and governments have a big role to play in its safety and sustainability. Ensuring pollution in our waterways is kept to a minimum, that wasting water isn’t allowed and keeping up to date with the latest in water treatment technology. Maintaining a healthy water supply not only allows residents to live a clean life but also helps lower the burden on healthcare and, more importantly, stops our water from becoming compromised.
Managing a clean and sustainable water supply is a clear objective of any government and goes a long way toward supporting the country’s ecological health and the health of its residents. Without a reliable water supply, it’s easy to see how much more expedited other forms of ecological damage could become. For an example of how this can impact other environmental areas, compromised waterways mean that individuals would rely on other sources, like bottled water, which added to the single-use plastic challenges and increased landfill.
- Air pollution
Our ecological health is significantly impacted by the quality of the air we breathe. Overly polluted air makes it harder for plants and trees to grow, more difficult for wildlife to survive and harder to encourage positive behaviours amongst citizens. Maintaining air quality and lowering pollution is a key government objective. Encouraging and implementing policies around lowering gas emissions, electric cars, and other forms of renewable energies are key ways the government should be supporting the quality of the air.
The government’s focused effort on air quality is critical to supporting the cultivation, survival and longevity of our ecological system. The air we breathe is critical for so many aspects of our ecological system; it can be argued it’s the most important focus area for the government. Without these focus areas, our ecological system would continue to deteriorate until the air quality became so unsustainable the environment would begin to decline.
The ecological health of the Australian environment is crucial to maintaining a delicate ecosystem. Our government plays a critical role in supporting this system’s health. Positive policy-making, smart incentivisation, and program management are key to successfully supporting the ecological system. These five ways are just a taste.