Wild Heart Turning White: Austrian Poet Georg Trakl and Cocaine

Georg Trakl in 1910 – Wikimedia Commons To mark the 100th anniversary of the death by cocaine overdose of Austrian lyric poet Georg Trakl, Richard Millington explores the role the drug played in Trakl’s life and works. By Dr. Richard Millington Senior Lecturer in German Victoria University of Wellington This article, Wild Heart Turning White: Austrian[…]

Sex and Science in Robert Thornton’s Temple of Flora

“A Group of Carnations”, a plate from Robert Thornton’s Temple of Flora (1807) — Internet Archive Bridal beds, blushing captives, and swollen trunks – Carl Linnaeus’ taxonomy of plants heralded a whole new era in 18th-century Europe of plants being spoken of in sexualised terms. Martin Kemp explores* how this association between the floral and erotic reached its[…]

Moonblight and Six Feet of Romance: Dan Carter Beard’s Foray into Fiction

Illustration from Moonblight (1889) – Internet Archive An esoteric disease which reveals things in their true light; three pairs of disembodied feet galavanting about the countryside – Abigail Walthausen explores the brief but strange literary career of Daniel Carter Beard, illustrator for Mark Twain and a founding father of the Boy Scouts of America. This article, Moonblight and[…]

The Erotic Dreams of Emanuel Swedenborg

Portrait of Swedenborg painted in 1817, after Swedenborg’s death, by Carl Frederik von Breda – Wikimedia Commons During the time of his ‘spiritual awakening’ in 1744 the scientist and philosopher Emanuel Swedenborg kept a dream diary. Richard Lines looks at how, among the heavenly visions, there were also erotic dreams, the significance of which has been[…]

Thou Art Translated! How Shakespeare Went Viral

A 1964 Soviet stamp depicts William Shakespeare. “Stamp” via www.shutterstock.com Centuries before the internet, Shakespeare became a global phenomenon. By Dr. Alexa Alice Joubin / 04.23.2015 Professor of English Co-Director, Digital Humanities Institute Director, Dean’s Scholars in Shakespeare George Washington University In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, when Peter Quince sees Bottom turned into an ass-headed figure, he cries[…]

Guide to the Classics: Sappho, a Poet in Fragments

Fresco showing a woman called Sappho holding writing implements from Pompeii Naples National Archaeological Museum. Wikimedia Commons Sappho sang of desire, passion and love – mostly directed towards women. As new fragments of her work are found, a fuller picture of her is emerging, but she remains themost mysterious of ancient poets. By Dr. Marguerite Johnson / 03.29.2017 Associate Professor of Ancient History and Classical Languages University[…]

Marx, Freud, Hitler, Mandela, Greer… Shakespeare Influenced Them All

Even if you’ve never read or seen any of Shakespeare’s works, his influence has touched your life. Photo credits, clockwise from top: Kevin Lamarque, public domain, public domain, public domain, public domain, Mike Tsikas, 20th Century Fox, Mike Hutchings In the almost 400 years since Shakespeare’s death, his words have been enlisted by an extraordinary range of[…]

‘What Ish My Nation?’: Towards a Negative Definition of Identity

A timeline of Shakespeare’s plays / Creative Commons Defining national culture and identity. By Dr. Eugene O’Brien Senior Lecturer in English Mary Immaculate College There is hardly a more quoted line from Shakespeare in the overall context of Irish Studies than the above question from Henry V. Given the agonies of identity that have plagued Irish[…]

Guide to the Classics: Virgil’s Aeneid

Virgil reads the Aeneid to Octavia and Augustus. Angelica Kauffmann/Hermitage/Wikimedia Commons Virgil’s epic poem The Aeneid documents the founding of Rome by a Trojan hero. As with other ancient epics, our hero has to remain resolute in the face of significant divine hostility. By Dr. Chris Mackie / 10.23.2017 Professor of Classics La Trobe University The Aeneid by the Roman poet Virgil is an epic poem in[…]

How Reading Fiction Can Help You Improve Yourself and Your Relationship to Others

Reading fiction can make you happier, nicer towards others and better focused in your activities. Pixabay/Pexels To counter the unbalanced effects of the digital age, reading literature is the key.    By Dr. Massimo Salgaro (left) and Dr. Adriaan van der Weel (right) / 12.18.2017 Salgaro: RFIEA Fellows 2017-2018, IEA Paris, Researcher in Literary Theory, University of Verona van der[…]

How King Arthur Became One of the Most Pervasive Legends of All Time

Vuk Kostic/www.shutterstock.com Historic heroes like King Arthur have helped audiences through the ages to cope with troubling times. By Dr. Raluca Radulescu / 02.02.2017 Professor of Medieval Literature and English Literature Bangor University King Arthur is one of, if not the, most legendary icons of medieval Britain. His popularity has lasted centuries, mostly thanks to the numerous incarnations of his story that pop[…]

From China with Love: Tang Xianzu was the Shakespeare of the Orient

Tang and Shakespeare’s dramas are being blended together in a series of adaptions. Performance Infinity, Author provided Shakespeare was not the only famous dramatist to die in 1616. On the other side of theworld, in China, another theatrical legend was laid to rest. By Dr. Mary Mazzilli / 07.21.2016 Lecture in Theatre and Performance Goldsmiths, University of London In his 400th anniversary year, Shakespeare is still rightly celebrated as[…]

On Literature, the Humanities, and Humanity

The painting depicts the end of the 1381 peasant’s revolt, mentioned in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. The image shows London’s mayor, Walworth, killing Wat Tyler. There are two images of Richard II. One looks on the killing while the other is talking to the peasants. / Library Royal via Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Theodore L. Steinberg Distinguished Teaching[…]

Medea Is as Relevant Today as It Was in Ancient Greece

Helen McCrory as Medea. Richard Hubert Smith/National Theatre By Dr. Laura Swift / 07.23.2014 Lecturer in Classical Studies The Open University Often when ancient plays are updated to a modern setting it can feel unsatisfactory. Frequently there are elements that grate or become implausible, and you’re left feeling that the director is trying too hard to make the[…]

An Introductory Guide to the Epic of Gilgamesh

Gilgamesh explores what it means to be human, and questions the meaning of life and love. Wikimedia Commons The themes of the world’s most ancient epic are still remarkably relevant to modern readers. By Dr. Louise Pryke / 05.07.2017 Lecturer, Languages and Literature of Ancient Israel Macquarie University “Forget death and seek life!” With these encouraging words, Gilgamesh, the star of the eponymous 4000-year-old[…]

The Nightwalker and the Nocturnal Picaresque

Night (1736), the fourth painting from William Hogarth’s Four Times of the Day series — Wikimedia Commons The introduction of street lighting to 17th-century London saw an explosion of nocturnal activity in the capital, most of revolving around the selling of sex. Matthew Beaumont explores how some writers, with the intention of condemning these nefarious goings-on, took to the[…]

Lucian’s Trips to the Moon

Depiction of Lucian for the title page of Works of Lucian (1781) – Internet Archive With his Vera Historia, the 2nd century satirist Lucian of Samosata wrote the first detailed account of a trip to the moon in the Western tradition and, some argue, also one of the earliest science fiction narratives. Aaron Parrett explores how Lucian used this[…]

Double, Double, Toil and Trouble? The Surprising Truth about the Real Macbeth

Macbeth: I’m not all bad. Honest. Studio Canal publicity Shakespeare cast the Scottish king as the ultimate villain, but you shouldn’t believe everything you see on stage or screen. By Dr. Alex Woolf / 10.12.2015 Senior Lecturer in Mediaeval History University of St. Andrews It is among the bloodiest and cruellest of plays. For some, even uttering its name can[…]

‘Cycle and Epicycle, Orb in Orb’: The Science of Paradise Lost

The Archangel Raphael with Adam and Eve (an illustration to Milton’s Paradise Lost) by William Blake (1808). Courtesy MFA Boston By Dr. Ed Simon / 03.28.2018 Associate Editor Marginalia Review of Books Paradise Lost (1674) is a consummate example of scientific literature. In it, John Milton effectively mimics the debates that motivated the New Science of his era, and the[…]

Democritus Junior and the Musings of Melancholy

Frontispiece image showing man haunted by melancholy, from The Anatomy of Melancholy By Harkiran Dhindsa / 03.30.2016 The original work was first published in 1621, but its popularity among scholars ensured its continued reprints centuries later. The recently digitised copy of this book is from an 1806 edition held by the University of Bristol. Helpfully, the 1806 edition[…]

Shakespearean ‘Simples’: Herbal Medicines in the Bard’s Plays

By Dr. Richard Aspin / 08.08.2016 Head of Research Wellcome Library Locally harvested wild herbs were the foundation of medical practice in Shakespeare’s England. Some medicinal plants were cultivated in kitchen and herb gardens, but they differed little from their wild equivalents. Exotic herbs – that is plants from overseas – were beginning to play an increasing[…]

“Alas, Poor YORICK!”: The Death and Life of Laurence Sterne

Detail from Thomas Patch’s etching Laurence Sterne, alias Tristram Shandy: “And When Death Himself Knocked at My Door”(1769) — Metropolitan Museum of Art Looking at the engagement with mortality so important to the novelist’s groundbreaking work. By Dr. Ian Campbell Ross / 03.07.2018 Emeritus Professor of 18th-Century Studies Trinity College, Dublin This article, “Alas, Poor YORICK!”: The Death[…]

The ‘Oral’ Nature of African Unwritten Literature

The significance of performance in actualization, transmission, and composition. Audience and occasion. Implications for the study of oral literature. Oral art as literature. By Dr. Ruth Finnegan Emeritus Professor of Social and Cultural Anthropology The Open University Introduction Africa possesses both written and unwritten traditions. The former are relatively well known—at any rate the recent[…]

The Curious World of Isaac D’Israeli

D’Israeli as he appears in the frontispiece to Vol.I of the 1880 Armstrong and Son edition of Curiosities of Literature – Internet Archive Marvin Spevack introduces the Curiosities of Literature, the epic cornucopia of essays on all things literary by Isaac D’Israeli: a scholar, man of letters and father of British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli. By the Late Dr.[…]