Metallurgical Evolution in Ancient China

This elaborate set of ritual bronzes, consisting of an altar table and thirteen wine vessels, illustrates the splendor of China’s Bronze Age at its peak. Shang dynasty–Western Zhou dynasty (1046–771 B.C.). / Metropolitan Museum of Art China witnessed a sudden surge in mining, smelting, refining, and casting after a lengthy period of incipient development. By Dr. Ralph[…]

Humans Meet Metal: Copper from the Bronze Age to the Modern World

A Maitraka copper plate / Wikimedia Commons Archaeological evidence suggests that copper was first used between 8,000 and 5,000 BCE. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 09.21.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction Between seven and ten thousand years ago, our early ancestors discovered that copper is malleable, holds a sharp edge, and could be fashioned into[…]