Failure of Flaminius: The Battle of Lake Trasimene

Flaminius was in such a rush to catch the invaders that he failed to set up proper reconnaissance. Introduction The Battle of Lake Trasimene (21 June 217 BC) was a major battle in the Second Punic War. The Carthaginians under Hannibal defeated the Romans under the consul Gaius Flaminius. Hannibal’s victory over the Roman army[…]

The Price of Greed: Hannibal’s Betrayal by Carthage

Hannibal continued to fight for the people of Carthage, in spite of the poor treatment he received. Introduction Hannibal Barca (l. 247-183 BCE), the brilliant Carthaginian general of the Second Punic War (218-202 BCE), had the military talent, expertise, and skill to have won the conflict but was denied the resources by his government. The[…]

Ancient Sicily

Sicily’s historical legacy today includes some of the most impressive and best-preserved ancient monuments in the Mediterranean. By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction The Mediterranean island of Sicily, with its natural resources and strategic position on ancient trading routes, aroused the intense interest of successive empires from Carthage to Athens to Rome. Consequently, the island was never[…]

The Punic Wars and the Rise of Roman Imperial Ambition, 264-146 BCE

Victory over Carthage in these wars gave Rome a preeminent status it would retain until the division of the Roman Empire in 286 CE. Introduction The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 B.C.E.[1] They are known as the Punic Wars because the Latin term[…]

The Battle of Zama – The Beginning of Roman Conquest

The Battle of Zama not only ended the Second Punic War, it also established the Roman army as the greatest fighting force since the armies of Alexander the Great. Introduction The Second Punic War (218-202 BCE) began when the Carthaginian general Hannibal attacked the city of Saguntum, a Roman ally, reached its height with the[…]

Exploring the Religion of Ancient Carthage

Most Carthaginian gods were inherited from the Phoenicians, but these were adapted, and their names and functions evolved over time. By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction Carthage was founded by the Phoenician city of Tyre in the 9th century BCE, and along with many other cultural practices, the city adopted aspects of the religion of its founding fathers. Polytheistic in nature, such important Phoenician[…]