The ‘Arithmetica’ of Diophantus: Cracking Open Centuries-Old Mathematical Puzzles

Mathematicians have known how to solve something called an S-unit equation for several years. However, the process is so convoluted that few can actually use it to tackle their problems. In mathematics, no researcher works in true isolation. Even those who work alone use the theorems and methods of their colleagues and predecessors to develop[…]