Feudalism in Medieval Japan

Feudalism (hoken seido) began to be widespread in Japan from the beginning of the Kamakura Period (1185-1333 CE). By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction Feudalism in medieval Japan (1185-1603 CE) describes the relationship between lords and vassals where land ownership and its use was exchanged for military service and loyalty. Although present earlier to some degree, the feudal system in Japan was[…]

Serfdom and Daily Life in the Medieval World

Serfs increased their political power by acting collectively in village communities which began to hold their own courts and which acted as a counterweight to those of the landed gentry. By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction Medieval serfs (aka villeins) were unfree labourers who worked the land of a landowner (or its tenant) in return for physical[…]

The English Peasants’ Revolt (1381)

A new realization of the value of their labor and an unwillingness to be exploited lay behind the revolt. Introduction The Peasants’ Revolt,Tyler’s Rebellion, or the Great Rising of 1381, was one of a number of popular revolts in late medieval Europe and is a major event in the history of England. The names of some of its leaders,[…]

The Manorial System in Medieval Europe

The idea of people of different social levels living together on a single estate for mutual benefit goes back to Roman times. By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction Manorialism, also known as the Manorial System, may be defined as the system in Medieval Europe where rural society was arranged around a manor house or castle on an estate.[…]