A ‘Measure of Retaliation’: The Burning of Washington in 1814

President James Madison, military officials, and his government evacuated and were able to find refuge for the night. Introduction The Burning of Washington was a British invasion of Washington City (now Washington, D.C.), the capital of the United States, during the Chesapeake Campaign of the War of 1812. To this date, it remains the only[…]

Causes of the War of 1812

Relations, commerce, and territorial expansion were at the root of the conflict. Introduction As an important neutral trading nation, the United States became ensnarled in the broader European conflict that pitted Napoleonic France against Great Britain and her continental allies. France Bans Neutral Trade with Britain In 1806 France prohibited all neutral trade with Great[…]

Fairhaven’s Privateers in the War of 1812

Captured officers and seamen of the Governor Gerry had the choice of enlisting in the Royal Navy or being sent to a British prison. By Robert Barboza This 200-year old patriotic story begins with a single reference spotted in an online history database, listing all the captured American ships reported to the Royal Navy headquarters[…]