The Progressive Movement in America, 1890-1920

Figure 21.1 The western states were the first to allow women the right to vote, a freedom that grew out of the less deeply entrenched gendered spheres in the region. This illustration, from 1915, shows a suffragist holding a torch over the western states and inviting the beckoning women from the rest of the country[…]

Using the Medieval Book

Medieval book model / Whetton & Grosch By Dr. Eric Kwakkel / 12.08.2014 Professor of Medieval History University of Leiden Introduction Up to around the year 1200, members of religious houses—monks and nuns—were the primary consumers of books. They produced the objects themselves and in high numbers, because religious houses could not function without them.[…]

The Seven Plagues of the Ancient Roman City Dweller

Model of ancient Rome – Plastico di Roma Antica, by Italo Gismundi / Museum of Roman Civilization, Rome Think city living is a struggle today? The ancient Romans had it just as tough, giving their poets plenty to complain about By Shelby Brown / 08.12.2014 Classical archaeologist and classicist Education Specialist for Academic and Adult[…]

Industrialization and the Rise of Big Business, 1870-1900

Figure 18.1 The Electrical Building, constructed in 1892 for the World’s Columbian Exposition, included displays from General Electric and Westinghouse, and introduced the American public to alternating current and neon lights. The Chicago World’s Fair, as the universal exposition was more commonly known, featured architecture, inventions, and design, serving as both a showcase for and[…]

Nazi Art Looting in Holland

Postcard issued by Antiquitäten Gustav Cramer at Lennéstrasse 8 in Berlin, Germany, approximately 1938, showing the interior of the gallery. The new address in The Hague, Netherlands, is printed on recto. Photo: Wilhelm Jacob, Berlin no. 4, Kesselstr. 36. The Getty Research Institute, 2001.M.5 Rare documents from the Dutch art market during World War II[…]

Special Events in the History of Technology for Creating, Organizing, and Sharing Information

Special Events in the History of Technology for Creating, Organizing, and Sharing Information By Dr. Mark Kelland / 06.26.2006 Professor of Psychology Lansing Community College Introduction The development of technologies for encoding, storing, communicating, and exploiting information is a major feature in the history of the human species. Although this development has generally progressed smoothly[…]

The Second Period of U.S. Westward Expansion, 1840-1900

Figure 17.1 Widely held rhetoric of the nineteenth century suggested to Americans that it was their divine right and responsibility to settle the West with Protestant democratic values. Newspaper editor Horace Greely, who coined the phrase “Go west, young man,” encouraged Americans to fulfill this dream. Artists of the day depicted this western expansion in[…]

The Antebellum South, 1800-1860

Figure 12.1 Bateaux à Vapeur Géant, la Nouvelle-Orléans 1853 (Giant Steamboats at New Orleans, 1853), by Hippolyte Sebron, shows how New Orleans, at the mouth of the Mississippi River, was the primary trading hub for the cotton that fueled the growth of the southern economy. By Dr. P. Scott Corbett, et.al. / 12.2014 Professor of[…]

The First Period of U.S. Westward Expansion, 1800-1860

Figure 11.1 In the first half of the nineteenth century, settlers began to move west of the Mississippi River in large numbers. In John Gast’s American Progress (ca. 1872), the figure of Columbia, representing the United States and the spirit of democracy, makes her way westward, literally bringing light to the darkness as she advances.[…]

The Great Relief at Mamallapuram

Descent of the Ganges or Arjuna’s Penance, 7th-8th century, Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu, India (photo: Nireekshit, Wikimedia Commons) By Dr. Edward Fosmire / 04.06.2017 Professor of Art Santa Ana College Introduction A cat stands on one leg in imitation of a holy man while plump mice gather around. A family of elephants, with several calves in tow, approaches[…]

Obstetrics and Gynecology in the Ancient World

Bayon Temple rock relief of childbirth, Angkor, Cambodia / From Photo Dharma, Wikimedia Commons By Gracie Joy Graduate Student in Classics Trinity College Dublin Women in the ancient world were subject to ancient practices of medicine. This seems obvious to the reader, however to truly understand what the implications of “ancient practices of medicine” are,[…]

Techniques of a 19th-Century Fake News Reporter Teach Us Why We Fall for It Today

German journalist and novelist Theodor Fontane. Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Petra S. McGillen / 04.05.2017 Assistant Professor of German Studies Dartmouth College Donald Trump appears to have a straightforward definition of fake news: Stories that are critical of him or his presidency are “fake,” while those that praise him are “real.” On the surface, the[…]

Pioneers of Posters in the United States

By Guity Novin / 03.23.2014 Graphic Designer, Artist Introduction The US history of posters is intimately connected with advertisement for commerce, politics, and war. Early settlers in the American colonies produced most of what they consumed at home, but a few precious goods were bought in stores. Newspapers were scarce — the first in America[…]

Troubled Times: The Tumultuous 1850s

Figure 14.1 In Southern Chivalry: Argument versus Club’s (1856), by John Magee, South Carolinian Preston Brooks attacks Massachusetts senator Charles Sumner after his speech denouncing “border ruffians” pouring into Kansas from Missouri. For southerners, defending slavery meant defending southern honor. By Dr. P. Scott Corbett, et.al. / 12.2014 Professor of History Ventura College Introduction The[…]

Jamestown: A Colonial Trial Run

Edited by Dr. Marie Lasseter Director of Academic Technologies University System of Georgia Introduction In 1606, new groups, the Virginia Company of London and the Plymouth Company, were given the rights to colonize North America. The Virginia Company would focus on the mid-Atlantic region, the Plymouth further north. Captain Christopher Newport was given command of[…]

Pliny the Pessimist

By Dr. Thomas E. Strunk Associate Professor of Classics Xavier University, Cincinnati Greece & Rome 59:2 (2012) Introduction ‘He is always enthusiastic, almost invariably cheerful, and amiable, and quite correct. One can well imagine how a sunny-tempered man of elegant tastes and universal humanity must have won easily the regard of a great number of[…]

The Hand of Louis XV

Installation view of Right Hand from the Equestrian Statue of Louis XV (1758); in the background, a quote on Bouchardon by French art critic and designer Charles Nicolas Cochin (French, 1715–1790). Sculpture by Edme Bouchardon, courtesy Musée du Louvre, Paris. Photo: J. Paul Getty Museum How did an impressive symbol of royal power survive the[…]

“It Is Written”?: Making, Remaking, and Unmaking Early ‘Writing’ in the Lower Nile Valley

  By Dr. Kathryn Piquette / 12.18.2013 Senior Research Consultant and Imaging Specialist University College London Introduction Figure 1: Map of Egypt with main find sites for inscribed labels, vessels and stelae in bold (after Spencer 1993: 19, fig. 6). Analysis and interpretation of inscribed objects often focus on their written meanings and thus their[…]

Jacksonian Democracy: New Politics to Tyrannical Majority, 1820-1840

Figure 10.1 – In President’s Levee, or all Creation going to the White House, Washington (1841), by Robert Cruikshank, the artist depicts Andrew Jackson’s inauguration in 1829, with crowds surging into the White House to join the celebrations. Rowdy revelers destroyed many White House furnishings in their merriment. A new political era of democracy had[…]

Collaboration and Resistance in World War II

German soldiers parade on the Champs Élysées on 14 June 1940 (Bundesarchiv) Lecture by Dr. John Merriman / 12.01.2008 Charles Seymour Professor of History Yale University Resistance in Eastern and Southern Europe Members of the Maquis in La Tresorerie / Wikimedia Commons I want today to talk about collaboration, but above all, resistance in Europe[…]

Slavery in the Americas

  Edited by Dr. AnaMaria Seglie / 01.18.2011 Professor of English Rice University Transported Labor, Indentured Servitude, and Slavery in the Americas: A Comparative Approach[1] While slave labor comprised the majority of the plantation workforce across the Americas, it was never the sole labor system in use. Historical records now show that slaves often worked[…]