Giving and Taking in Indo-European Society

By Dr. Émile Benveniste (1902-1976) Former Professor of Linguistics Collège de France Gift and Exchange Abstract Greek has five words that are commonly translated uniformly by “gift.” A careful examination of their use shows that they do in fact correspond to as many different ways of envisaging a gift—from the purely verbal notion of “giving” to “a contractual[…]

Early Civilizations of the Indian Subcontinent

The Great Stupa of Sanchi / Creative Commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 03.07.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – The Indus River Valley Civilizations 1.1 – Introduction 1.1.1 – Overview Map of the Indus Valley Civilization: The major sites of the Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization existed through its early years of 3300-1300[…]