The American Backyard after World War II

Lakewood Plaza, outdoor living space, Long Beach, California, 1950s. Maynard L. Parker, photographer. Courtesy of The Huntington Library, San Marino, California. This suburban outdoor living space is more of a recent phenomenon than one might think. By Amelia Fogarty / 05.22.2018 Many Americans are setting their minds this summer to clearing out long-neglected garden plots, polishing[…]

Bleeding Kansas

John Brown in “The Tragic Prelude,” displayed at the Kansas State Capitol in Topeka. Painted by John Steuart Curry, ca. 1938-1940. / Wikimedia Commons Unrest in the Kansas Territory between 1854 and 1856. By Dr. Catherine Denial Bright Professor of American History Knox College “Bleeding Kansas” describes a period of civil unrest in Kansas Territory between[…]

The Temperance Movement in America: Instigating a Ban on “Spirituous Liquors”

A lithograph, “The Drunkard’s Progress”, by Nathaniel Currier supporting the temperance movement, c.1846 / Wikimedia Commons What caused the temperance movement in the United States? By Dr. Jean Baker Professor of History Goucher College The causes of the temperance movement in the United States can be understood as emerging from religious, social, and economic circumstances. Distinct from 20th-century prohibitionists[…]

Tippecanoe and Walking Canes Too

Tippecanoe River, Near Camp Tecumseh, State Y.M.C.A. Camp, Delphi, Indiana / Springfield College Archives and Special Collections  Presentation canes cut from the woods at the Tippecanoe battleground. By Dr. John Buescher Historian Who Was Jacob Warrick? Jacob Warrick (in some sources, referred to as “Warwick”) was born in Virginia in 1773. He married Jane (“Jennie”) Montgomery[…]

Andrew Johnson, Impeachment, and Reconstruction

Boston Public Library, Flickr, Creative Commons How have historians interpreted the impact of the failed impeachment attempt of Andrew Johnson? By Dr. Alan Gevinson Specialist Assistant to the Chief, NAVCC Library of Congress Project Director, American Archive of Public Broadcasting, Library of Congress Council on Library and Information Resources Andrew Johnson, the 17th president of[…]

Early American Influences and Identity

Josiah Dennis House, Dennis, Massachusetts / Photo by Thomas Kelley, Wikimedia Commons Was Puritan New England the “cradle” of America? By Dr. Kathy McGill Lecturer in American History George Mason University Puritan New England has long been given priority as a model for the development of America as a whole. There are a number of possible[…]

U.S. Naval Development, 1775-1815

Painting depicting the first victory at sea by USS Constitution over HMS Guerriere, by Anton Otto Fischer / Department of the Navy, Wikimedia Commons The early development of the U.S. Navy must be considered within the context of the interaction between domestic politics and public diplomacy.  By Lt. Col. Ronald J. Martin The Revolution As today’s foremost[…]

Introducing Taxation in the Early American Republic

George Caleb Bingham, “The County Election,”, via Reynolda House Museum of American Art How did the federal government raise money in the early years of the United States? By Dr. Ellen Holmes Pearson Professor of History University of North Carolina, Asheville The founders pondered this question from the very beginnings of the republic. Although the Articles[…]

Hawaii’s Path to Statehood

President Sanford B. Dole of the Republic of Hawaii, his cabinet, and officers of the United States Army, reviewing from the steps of the former royal palace the first American troops to arrive in Honolulu, in 1898, on their way to Manila to capture the city, which Commodore Dewey held at bay with the guns[…]

European Perceptions of America since the 17th Century

1750 map of America / museumoutlets.com By Dr. Marcus Gräser / 02.08.2011 Professor of History Institut für Neuere Geschichte und Zeitgeschichte Johannes Kepler University Abstract Early on, the USA – “America” – became a point of reference within European consciousnesses against which European societies could analyse themselves. At the same time, America acted as a repository[…]

The U.S. and Egypt in the 1950s

Presidents Eisenhower and Nasser meeting in New York, 1960 / Public Domain By Dr. John Buescher Historian Introduction The goals of U.S. foreign policy toward Egypt during the 1950s were to protect American and western European access to oil in the Middle East, to end British colonial rule throughout the area in line with the[…]

The Jazz Age in America: Redefining the Nation, 1919-1929

Carter And King Jazzing Orchestra, 1921 / Wikimedia Commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 05.01.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction The illustrations for F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Tales of the Jazz Age, drawn by John Held, Jr., epitomized the carefree flapper era of the 1920s. Following the hardships of the immediate postwar era, the United States[…]

You Remember the American Victory at Cowpens, Don’t You?

Battle of Cowpens By Jim Stempel / 04.01.2018 On a bone-chilling morning in January, 1781 one of the most remarkable, decisive, and significant victories in American military history took place in the backwoods of South Carolina, yet its historical importance has rarely been recognized. That morning British Lt. Colonel Banastre Tarleton, hand-picked by General Charles[…]

From Populism to the Progressive Era in the United States, 1900-1912

President Theodore Roosevelt / Wikimedia Commons By Dr. David J. Trowbridge Associate Professor of History Marshall University Introduction The depression of the 1890s seemed a distant memory by the early years of the twentieth century. The economy had rebounded and farm prices stabilized. Some US companies profited handsomely from the expansion of the navy and[…]

The Mayflower had a Sister Ship and Rival Puritan Colony

Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1882) / Pilgrim Hall Museum via Wikimedia Commons By Tom Feiling / 03.25.2018 In two years’ time, Americans will commemorate the 400th anniversary of the arrival of the Mayflower at Plymouth Rock. This is where the creation myth of the United States begins: with a band of plucky English puritans whose hard work,[…]

Populism and Imperialism, 1890–1900

By Dr. David Trowbridge Professor of History Marshall University Introduction Four main developments occurred during the last decade of the nineteenth century. The first was the spectacular growth of cities. The transformation of urban America accelerated in the 1890s as port cities specializing in connecting the countryside with world markets gave way to the development[…]

Religion, Romanticism, and Cultural Reform in America, 1820-1860

Elizabeth Cady Stanton / Public Domain Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 03.19.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – The Age of Cultural Reforms 1.1 – Movements and Reforms 1.1.1 – Transcendentalism of the Nineteenth Century Transcendentalism was America’s first notable intellectual and philosophical movement. It developed in the 1830s and 1840s in the New England[…]

A Century of Change in America, 1917-2017

By Dr. Vaughn Davis Bornet / 03.18.2018 Professor Emeritus of History Southern Oregon College What were those moments, and when where those developments—the ones that now seem—on reflection– to have changed everything? The ones in my lifetime, I mean, that started as World War I approached an end? Let’s just start with Armistice Day, November 11, 1918.[…]

The Supreme Court before John Marshall

By Dr. Scott Doublas Gerber, J.D. Professor of Law Pettit College of Law Ohio Northern University The Pre-Marshall Court in the American Mind    Patrick Henry (left) and Alexander Hamilton (right) both refused appointments to the Supreme Court Students of judicial institutions in recent years have come to appreciate more than ever that to understand[…]

The American Market Revolution, 1815-1840

William James Bennett, “View of South Street, from Maiden Lane, New York City,” ca. 1827 / Metropolitan Museum of Art Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 03.10.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – The Market Revolution 1.1 – Introduction The Market Revolution of the nineteenth century radically shifted commerce as well as the way of life for[…]

Hang Together or Hang Separately: The American Revolution, 1775-1783

Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief 1 – The Second Continental Congress 1.1 – Introduction During the Revolutionary War, the Second Continental Congress acted as the national government of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion. Declaration of Independence by John Trumbull, 1819: The resolution for independence was among the most important accomplishments of the[…]