A History of Russian-Kurdish Relations

Russia’s relations with various Kurdish groups date back almost two centuries. By Pietro A. Shakarian / 11.12.2017 PhD Candidate in Russian History The Ohio State University    1986 CIA map of Kurdish-inhabited areas in the Middle East and the Soviet Union (left), and 1960 Soviet ethnographic map of the Near East with Kurdish populations in[…]

Weapons of World War One

Senior Curator Paul Cornish looks at the developments in weaponry technology and strategy that led to the modern warfare of World War One, which was characterized by deadly new weapons, trench deadlocks, and immense numbers of casualties. By Paul Cornish / 01.29.2014 Senior Curator Imperial War Museums London 1914 witnessed the clash of huge armies[…]

The Weapons of an English Medieval Knight

A silver seal of Robert Fitzwalter showing a mounted knight. 1213-1219 CE. Diameter: 73 mm. (British Museum, London) / British Museum Trained since childhood and practiced at tournaments, the skilled knight could inflict fatal injuries on even an armored opponent. By Mark Cartwright / 06.06.2018 Historian The weapons of an English medieval knight in combat included the[…]

Michael Psellos: Byzantine Historian, Writer, Pyschologist, Intellectual

A 12-13th century CE illustrated manuscript depicting the 11th century CE Byzantine scholar and minister Michael Psellos and Byzantine emperor Michael VII. (Pantokrator Monastery Library, Mount Athos) / Wikimedia Commons His texts – the most famous being Chronographia – combine theology, philosophy, and psychology. By Mark Cartwright / 12.14.2017 Historian Michael Psellos (1018 – c. 1082 CE) was a Byzantine historian, writer, and intellectual. Michael[…]

Literally “Like a Hole in the Head”: Trephination in the Ancient World

A Neolithic (3500 BCE) skull showing evidence of a trephination operation – the removal of a part of the cranium to relieve pressure, used as a medical treatment for a variety of ailments from migraines to mental illness. The treatment was used in many ancient cultures. (Natural History Museum, Lausanne). / Photo by Jmh649, Wikimedia Commons A surgical intervention where[…]