Irish and German Immigration to the United States in the 19th Century

Harbour, Pilot’s Tower and Paddle Steamers 1852. / Dover Museum Nativism caused much splintering in the political landscape, and the Republicans benefited and rode to victory in the divisive election of 1860. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 07.30.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief In the middle half of the nineteenth century, more than one-half of the[…]

The Religious Wars of Europe, 1524-1648

Battle of Rocroi, 1643, attributed to Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau / Wikimedia Commons During the period of 1524 until 1648, Europe was plagued by wars of religion. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 07.29.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief During the period of 1524 until 1648, Europe was plagued by wars of religion. It is important to recognize, however, that[…]

The Law of Inheritance in Medieval England

Allstedt Castle catching the early morning sun / Photo by Andreas Vogel, Wikimedia Commons The rules of common law inheritance, or primogeniture, were largely settled by the end of the thirteenth century. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 07.26.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Inquisition Post Mortems (IPMs) are documents concerned with the inheritance of land. That inheritance[…]

China’s Semilegendary Period: Preliminary Orientations and Legendary Conflicts

King Zhu of the Shang Dynasty Lights the Signal Beacons, a Perspective Picture / Museum of Fine Arts Boston Archaeological discoveries over the past several decades have suddenly infused life into previously shadowy remnants of ancient Chinese civilization. By Dr. Ralph D. Sawyer Senior Research Fellow University of Massachusetts Introduction When warriors battle over territory,[…]

The Civilization of Ancient China

Great Wall illustration from French translation of an 1843 book by Thomas Allorn / Wikimedia Commons Major Stone Age farming cultures had grown up in China since the 7th millennium BCE. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 07.30.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Timeline of Ancient Chinese History 1766 BCE: traditional date for the founding of the first[…]