The Gilded Age in America: Rapid Growth as a Double-Edged Sword

Mill children in Macon, photo by Lewis Wickes Hine, 1909 / Library of Congress, Wikimedia Commons From the ashes of the American Civil War sprung an economic powerhouse. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.13.2018 Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief The Golden Spike: Does it really symbolize the completion of the transcontinental railroad? / Roadside America The[…]

The Golden Age of American Railroading

Celebration of completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad at what is now Golden Spike National Historic Site, Promontory Summit, Utah, photo by Andrew J. Russell (1869) / National Park Service, Wikimedia Commons In spite of technological progress, the “Gilded Age” after the Civil War was one of widespread corruption in which “robber barons” were supreme. After the American Civil[…]

Grandville: Visions and Dreams in 19th-Century French Art

The Wanderings of a Comet, from Another World, 1844 / Internet Archive With its dreamlike inversions and kaleidoscopic cast of anthropomorphic objects, animals, and plants, the world of French artist J. J. Grandville is at once both delightful and disquieting. Patricia Mainardi explores the unique work of this 19th-century illustrator now recognised as a major precursor[…]

The Netherlands Drawn from Life in the 17th Century

  Coastal Landscape, ca. 1599. Pen and brown, by Annibale Carracci / Public Domain Examining the phenomenon of seventeenth-century Dutch landscape prints that were “drawn from life.” By Dr. Boudewijn Bakker Art Historian Former Director, Stadsarchief Amsterdam Abstract This essay examines the phenomenon of seventeenth-century Dutch landscape prints that were “drawn from life.”  The nascent national pride of the[…]

The Nabataeans of Ancient Arabia

  A group of tombs at Mada’in Saleh in present-day Saudi Arabia. (Photo: Courtesy of Dr. Nehmé.) The Nabataeans of ancient Arabia were the middlemen in the long distance trade between the ancient Mediterranean and South Arabia.  By James Wiener / 09.20.2016 Communications Director Ancient History Encyclopedia Known the world over for their hauntingly beautiful cities of Petra and Mada’in[…]

The History of Pre-Islamic Arabia

Temple of Bel complex in the background and the agora on left center in Palmyra, Syria / Photo by Bernard Gagnon, Wikimedia Commons Nomadic Bedouin tribes dominated the Arabian Peninsula since around 3000 BCE. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief The Nomadic Tribes of Arabia The nomadic pastoralist Bedouin tribes inhabited the[…]