The Sit-In Movement in the Struggle for Civil Rights

Lunch Counter Sit-in, Greensboro, North Carolina, 1960 / Library of Congress, Public Domain On February 1, 1960, a new tactic was added to the peaceful activists’ strategy – the sit-in. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.18.2018 Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief By 1960, the Civil Rights Movement had gained strong momentum. The nonviolent measures employed[…]

The Boston Tea Party: Protest or Vandalism?

The Bostonians Paying the Excise-man, or Tarring and Feathering, Von Karkatir / Public Domain The Boston Tea Party, which involved the willful destruction of 342 crates of British tea, proved a significant development on the path to the American Revolution. British Taxation Policies Thomas Malton the Younger, London headquarters of the British East India Company / Yale Center[…]

Travel, Trade, and Exploration in the Middle Ages

‘Liber secretorum fidelium crucis’ by Marino Sanudo with maps by Pietro Vesconte. This map of the world was made by the Genoese navigator Marino Sanudo in c. 1321. / British Library, Public Domain Medieval Europeans were fascinated by the lands that lay beyond their own continent. Josephine Livingstone looks at the real and imaginary travels of[…]

Circulation of Feathers in the Mesoamerican Aztec Realm

The feather merchant, Florentine Codex Book 10, folio 41r / Creative Commons Feathers, especially those from colorful tropical birds, were among the most highly prized materials in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. By Dr. Frances Berdan / 01.21.2006 Professor of Anthropology California State University San Bernardino Abstract Feathers, especially those from colorful tropical birds, were among the most highly[…]

The Social Structure and Culture of Ancient Rome

Wall painting (1st century AD) from Pompeii depicting a multigenerational banquet  / Naples National Archaeological Museum, Wikimedia Commons The Roman Empire, at its height (c. 117 CE), was the most extensive political and social structure in Western civilization. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.18.2018 Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction The culture of ancient Rome existed throughout[…]