Moctezuma I: Second Aztec Emperor, Fifth King of Tenochtitlan

Moctezuma I in the Codex Mendoza / Wikimedia Commons Moctezuma brought social, economical, and political reform to strengthen Aztec rule, and Tenochititlan benefited from relations with other tribes. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 11.05.2018 Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction and Overview Overview Moctezuma I (c. 1398-1469), also known as Motecuhzomatzin Ilhuicamina ( modern Nahuatl pronunciation, Huehuemotecuhzoma or Montezuma I (Classical Nahuatl: Motēcuzōma Ilhuicamīna [moteːkʷˈsoːma ilwikaˈmiːna], Classical[…]

Atahualpa: Last Emperor of the Inca

16th century portrait of Atahualpa by an unknown artist from the Cusco School / Ethnological Museum of Berlin, Wikimedia Commons After defeating his brother, Atahualpa became very briefly the last Sapa Inca (sovereign emperor) of the Inca Empire (Tawantinsuyu) before the Spanish conquest. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 11.05.2018 Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction Atahualpa (/ˌætəˈwɑːlpə/), also Atahuallpa, Atabalipa (in Hispanicized spellings) or Atawallpa (Quechua)[…]

“God, Power, and Money”: Did Cosimo de’Medici Deceive Renaissance Florence?

Portrait by Jacopo Pontormo; the laurel branch (il Broncone) was a symbol used also by his heirs / Uffizi Gallery, Wikimedia Commons Cosimo needed to present himself as a benevolent figure because it was the only way to expiate his guilt. By Salvatore Coppola[1] / 12.12.2013 Unversidad de Costa Rica In determining whether or not Cosimo de’Medici[…]

Asylum for Sanctuary Seekers in the Ancient World

Anglican Dean of Brisbane Dr Peter Catt is leading a sanctuary offer to asylum-seekers facing deportation to Nauru. AAP Image/Dan Peled Examining ancient notions of how we should treat people in need of protection. By Dr. Sean Winter / 02.04.2016 Academic Dean, Coordinator of New Testament Studies, Associate Professor Pilgrim Theological College In response to the High Court[…]

Metics and Immigration in Ancient Athens

‘Metics’ in ancient Athens could also refer to immigrants invited by citizens and admitted on an otherwise non-discretionary basis, subject to a special poll tax. By Dr. Nathan Smith / 07.03.2012 Professor of Economics Fresno Pacific University Did ancient Greece have open borders? Yes, I think, in the limited sense that there was no passport regime.[…]