South Asian Activism in 19th- and 20th-Century British and Indian Politics

From the suffragette Sophia Duleep Singh to the Communist MP Shapurji Saklatvala: explore the lives of notable South Asians in 19th and 20th century British and Indian politics.      By (left-to-right) Dr. Susheila Nasta, Dr. Florian Stadtler, and Dr. Rozina Visram Nasta: Chair in Modern Literature, The Open University Stadtler: Senior Lecturer in Postcolonial Literatures, University[…]

Recording and Representing India: The East India Company’s Landscape Practices

Posthumous papers bequeathed to the honorable the East India company, and printed by order of the government of Bengal / Wikimedia Commons The East India Company produced thousands of views that helped to consolidate its authority over much of south Asia in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Rosie Dias discovers some examples from the[…]

The Feudal System in Medieval Europe

Night of August 4th, abolition of feudality and fiscal privileges, by Léopold Morice / Wikimedia Commons The term “feudal system” came into use to describe a hierarchy of relationships which were embraced in medieval Europe, involving fief-holders of different ranks. Curated/Reviewed by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic HistorianBrewminate Introduction Harold swearing oath on holy relics to William, Duke[…]

A History of Serfdom

Costumes of slaves or serfs, from the sixth to the twelfth centuries, collected by H. de Vielcastel from original documents in European libraries. / Wikimedia Commons Although the end of serfdom meant freedom, in many cases the transition to a new social order was far from smooth. Curated/Reviewed by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic HistorianBrewminate Introduction Serfdom is[…]

Turkey: On the Mythical Origins of Coffee

The mythical origins of coffee, are steeped in legend and topped with a creamy dollop of speculation. By Dr. Trish Nicholson Social Anthropologist and Historian Introduction What is certain is that the lush-leaved trees and their precious berries– bright red or green while fresh – originate in East Africa, most likely Ethiopia, where the Kaffa[…]

A History of the Coffeehouse

Caffinets as the one pictured by Thomas Allom and described by the Rev. Robert Walsh, (1772-1852) in Constantinople / Public Domain Coffeehouses have always served as centers of social interaction. Curated/Reviewed by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic HistorianBrewminate Introduction Café de Flore – Quartier Saint Germain, Paris / Photo by Armaud 25, Wikimedia Commons A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café is an[…]