Inside the Kingdom of Hayti, ‘the Wakanda of the Western Hemisphere’

In 1811 a former slave named Henry Christophe anointed himself ‘First Monarch’ of the ‘New World.’ For 10 years, he ruled over a part of modern-day Haiti, becoming a global media sensation. By Dr. Marlene DautAssistant Professor of African DiasporaUniversity of Virginia Marvel’s blockbuster “Black Panther,” which recently became the first superhero drama to be[…]

Haiti’s Declaration of Independence: Digging for Lost Documents in the Archives of the Atlantic World

By the late nineteenth century, no official copy could be found of the document that introduced Haiti on the world stage and announced a citizenry united as one people: Haytians. On the first of January, 1804, Haiti became the second independent nation in the Americas. The Haitian Declaration of Independence was the triumphant culmination of the[…]

Dial ‘S’ for Sex: A History of a Phone-Booth Subculture in the United Kingdom

Sex worker card collection, Thomas SG Farnetti / Wellcome Collection, Creative Commons In the 1980s a change in the law meant UK phone boxes became noticeboards for business cards selling sexual services. As well as accumulating a cult following, these miniature advertisements tell us a lot about fluctuations and fashions in what was on offer.[…]

The Victorian Prostitute Whose ‘Pox’ Inspired Feminists

In Victorian times, syphilis was believed to arise spontaneously in a prostitute’s body, a result of ‘immorality’. But as medical knowledge advanced, early feminists began to challenge the law that detained and punished women for their illness. By Anna Faherty / 07.20.2017 Associate Lecturer University of the Arts London Fitzrovia, 1875. A woman recorded only as “A[…]

A History of the Medieval University of Paris

The historic University of Paris first appeared in the second half of the twelfth century. Introduction The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the twelfth century, but was in 1970 reorganized as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). The university is often referred to as the Sorbonne or La Sorbonne after the collegiate institution (Collège[…]

Medieval Monasteries: Community Centers of Technology and Education

Monasteries were important centers of learning which educated the young and produced new technologies for agricultural and other needs. By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction A medieval monastery was an enclosed and sometimes remote community of monks led by an abbot who shunned worldly goods to live a simple life of prayer and devotion. Christian monasteries had first developed[…]