El Libertador: Simón Bolívar, First President of Colombia

Bolivar has become known as the chief architect of Latin America’s independence. Introduction Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Ponte Palacios y Blanco (July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830) was a South American independence leader. Credited with leading the fight for independence in what are now the countries of Venezuela, Colombia,[…]

A Brief Overview of the History of Colombia

The Muisca people are considered to have had one of the most developed political systems in South America, after the Incas. Pre-Columbian Era The first humans are believed to have arrived in the area from Central America about 20,000 B.C.E. Circa 10,000 B.C.E., hunter-gatherer societies existed near present-day Bogotá that traded with one another and[…]

Lord North and the Intolerable Acts: Stepping Stone to Revolution

Many colonists viewed the acts as an arbitrary violation of their constitutional rights. Introduction The Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts were names given by colonists in the Thirteen Colonies to a series of laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774. The acts were met with outrage and resistance in the colonies and were[…]

Mad King George and the Fall of Monarchy in America

While tremendously popular in Britain, George was hated by rebellious American colonists. Introduction George III (George William Frederick; June 4, 1738 – January 29, 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from October 25, 1760 until January 1, 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until[…]

The History of the European Oil and Gas Industry, 1600s-2000s

The establishment of petroleum as a tradable commodity and natural resource triggered a paradigm shift in the history of civilization. Introduction The history of the European oil and gas industry reflects local and global political events, economic constraints, and the personal endeavours of individual petroleum geoscientists, as much as it does the development of technologies[…]

Medieval Innovation in Energy Production: Windmills, Waterwheels, and Automatic Fountains

Mechanical machinery in the medieval centuries used innovative sources of energy to generate motion and mechanical power. Abstract The fascinating mechanical inventions aiming at the welfare of the human kind started from ancient Egyptians and continued development through different eras. In the medieval centuries, the Islamic civilization paid wonderful attention to mechanical engineering. Banu Mosa[…]

Oxyfuel Cutting – The Best Way to Form Accurate Sized Material

Let’s make us familiar with an industrial process of cutting different metals – Oxyfuel Cutting. This thermal process is considered highly economical across the globe for several reasons. One can understand it by delving into the entire procedure and getting known of everything related to oxyfuel flame cutting. The process takes the help of oxygen[…]