The Enlightenment, Reason, and Natural Law: Choosing the Beggar Over the Monster

“Enlightenment is the human being’s emancipation from its self-incurred immaturity.” By Santana Juache Introduction The Enlightenment stemmed out of a vast array of political and social changes in Europe. It was a period of radical reformation, of privilege and secular authority. Law and morality were believed to have been bred into the blood of kings[…]

Industrial Development during the Enlightenment

The Enlightenment’s chronology, spatiality, and content in the context of the Industrial Revolution. Introduction In 1997 Robert Darnton published a short article, entitled The Enlightenment: A Personal View, in which he was very critical of many recent studies of the topic. He set off by stating that ‘We live in an age of inflation’, a[…]

Medieval Castles and Fortification Architecture and Technology

Construction could sometimes take decades to complete these massive defensive structures. Introduction Medieval fortification refers to medieval military methods that cover the development of fortification construction and use in Europe, roughly from the fall of the Western Roman Empire to the Renaissance. During this millennium, fortifications changed warfare, and in turn were modified to suit[…]

Warfare in Medieval Europe

The Middle Ages saw the emergence of the castle in Europe, which then spread to Western Asia. Introduction Medieval warfare is the European warfare of the Middle Ages. Technological, cultural, and social developments had forced a severe transformation in the character of warfare from antiquity, changing military tactics and the role of cavalry and artillery.[…]

Revolution in the Divided City: The Struggle of the Orders in Ancient Rome

It was a full scale political revolution carried out by less advantaged Romans that redefined the Roman government for centuries to come. By Christopher Schley SaladinAugustana College Abstract This paper examines the formation of the plebeian movement and government in the Roman Republic during the 5thCentury BC of the Struggle of the Orders. The Struggle[…]

Pablo Giancaterino Examines Martin Guzman’s Newest Proposal

Pablo Giancaterino, an Argentina based attorney working with Miami, Florida lawyer Michael Diaz Jr. of Diaz Reus Targ in Miami, recently took a hard look at the latest proposal from the minister of economy in Argentina, Martin Guzman. One of the experts at the law firm in regards to anything going on in Argentina, he[…]