A Brief History of Boxing since the Ancient World

Humans have fought in sport hand-to-hand combat since the dawn of human history, the earliest evidence dating to the ancient Near East. Introduction Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring. Amateur boxing is both[…]

Tournaments, Weapons, and Armor in Medieval Jousting

Jousting fell out of fashion by the end of the Middle Ages, but there were occasional revivals up to the 19th century. Introduction Jousts were, from the 13th to 16th century CE, a popular part of the European medieval tournament where knights showed off their martial skills by riding against one another with wooden lances[…]

Proscriptio: Stripping Political Opponents of Power in Ancient Rome

Many were declared enemies of the state, their property confiscated, and they were sent into exile (or worse). Introduction Proscription is, in current usage, a ’decree of condemnation to death or banishment’ (Oxford English Dictionary) and can be used in a political context to refer to state-approved murder or banishment. The term originated in Ancient[…]

The Hyphasis Mutiny: Alexander the Great Pushing the Troops too Far

The men reached a consensus; they did not want to follow Alexander further into Indian territory. By Philip MathewHistorian Introduction The so-called Hyphasis Mutiny was a conflict between Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE) and his army following their victory at the river Hydaspes in 326 BCE. Alexander voiced plans for further conquests in the Indian subcontinent, however, when[…]