Congressional Polarization in the 1970s

It’s clear that the congressional parties, after decades of relatively little polarization, began pulling apart in the mid-1970s. You don’t have to look hard to see evidence of political polarization — just watch cable news, listen to talk radio or follow social-media debates. Indeed, a new Pew Research Center report finds that Americans are more ideologically polarized today[…]

Ending the Bloodshed: The Last Surrenders of the Civil War

Not until sixteen months after Appomattox, on August 20, 1866, did the President formally declare an end to the war. Introduction Appomattox. To many Americans the word Appomattox is synonymous with the end of the Civil War. The war, however, did not officially conclude at that tiny village west of Petersburg, Virginia. But what happened[…]

Autokrator: A History of the Origins and Developments of Autocracy

Because autocrats need a power structure to rule, it can be difficult to draw a clear line between historical autocracies and oligarchies. Introduction Autocracy is a system of government in which supreme political power to direct all the activities of the state is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to[…]