A History of the Mexican-American War

A forgotten war with unforgettable consequences. Introduction A tourist visiting the National Mall in Washington, D.C. today is likely to see monuments commemorating American involvement in several foreign wars, including the striking Vietnam Memorial, with its reflective surface naming the war dead, or the squadron of stainless steel soldiers honoring veterans of the Korean War.[…]

The Toxcatl Massacre: The Beginning of the End of Aztec Supremacy

These texts excruciatingly detail the human horror and the treachery of a mass murder, now known as the Toxcatl Massacre. Competing Histories This May marks 500 years since the Toxcatl massacre, in which Indigenous people were killed during a festival that took place in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan (today’s Mexico City). Two competing histories[…]

The Aztec Philosophy of Happiness in the ‘Day of the Dead’

Day of the Dead rituals help people connect with their ancestors, which the Aztecs believed was key to well-being. Introduction Growing up in the United States, I remember on Halloween my mother used to say, “Honey, this is not just a day for costumes and candy. You must also remember your relatives. Know their names.”[…]