Excavating Etruscan Acquarossa

A revetment plaque depicting dancers. Terracotta, Portico Building A, Acquarossa. 6th century BCE. (National Etruscan Museum of Viterbo, Italy). / Dan Diffendale, Flickr, Creative Commons By Mark Cartwright / 02.03.2017 Introduction Acquarossa, located in the north of Italy’s Lazio region, is the site of an Etruscan settlement of unknown name. Although much smaller than other, more famous Etruscan towns, Acquarossa has proved invaluable[…]

Sarcophagi of the Spouses at the Louvre and Rome

Sarcophagus of the Spouses, Etruscan, c. 520-510 B.C.E., painted terracotta (Musée du Louvre) Author does not wish to be identified Sarcophagus of the Spouses (Louvre) The freedom enjoyed by Etruscan women One of the distinguishing features of Etruscan society, and one that caused much shock and horror to their Greek neighbors, was the relative freedom enjoyed[…]

The Etruscan Mars of Todi

Mars of Todi, late 5th or early 4th century B.C.E., hollow-cast bronze, 141 cm high (Gregorian Etruscan Museum, Vatican Museums) By Dr. Jeffrey A. Becker / 12.09.2015 Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Studies Binghamton University The religious sanctuaries of ancient Italy were busy and multi-faceted places, playing roles not only in religion and ritual, but also[…]

Etruscan Tomb of the Reliefs

Tomb of the Reliefs, late 4th or early 3rd century B.C.E., Necropolis of Banditaccia (Cerveteri), Italy (photo, CC BY-SA 2.0) By Dr. Jeffrey A. Becker / 08.08.2015 Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Studies Binghamton University The banquet is over, the dining equipment is stowed, and the warriors sleep on in this Etruscan dining room, yet the[…]

Etruscan Tomb of the Triclinium

Etruscan civilization, 750-500 B.C.E. (image: NormanEinstein, CC BY-SA 3.0) Based on a map from The National Geographic Magazine Vol.173 No.6 (June 1988). By Dr. Jeffrey A. Becker / 08.08.2015 Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Studies Binghamton University Elaborate funerary rituals Funerary contexts constitute the most abundant archaeological evidence for the Etruscan civilization. The elite members of Etruscan society[…]

Ancient Etruscan Bucchero

Terracotta kantharos (vase), 7th century B.C.E., Etruscan, terracotta, 18.39 cm high (The Metropolitan Museum of Art) By Dr. Jeffrey A. Becker / 12.09.2015 Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Studies Binghamton University Bucchero, a distinctly black, burnished ceramic ware, is often considered the signature ceramic fabric of the Etruscans, an indigenous, pre-Roman people of the Italian peninsula. The[…]

The Etruscan Temple of Minerva and the Sculpture of Apollo (Veii)

Apulu (Apollo of Veil), from the roof of the Portonaccio temple, Italy, c. 510-500 B.C.E., painted terracotta, 5′ 11″ high (Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome) Author does not wish to be identified Etruscan Temples have Largely Vanished Reconstruction of an Etruscan Temple of the 6th century according to Vitruvius Among the early Etruscans, the[…]

Hats Off: The Entry of Tarquinius Priscus into Rome?

By Dr. Jocelyn Penny Small Classical Archaeologist and Art Historian Rutgers University Etruscan Studies 8:6 (2001), 130-151 Iconography and divination have much in common.[1] Both are divinely inspired. Their practitioners need years of training and inculcation in the art of interpretation before formal admission into the priesthood. The interpretation invariably depends on details, or should[…]

Tages against Jesus: Etruscan Religion in the Late Roman Empire

Sandstone Etruscan relief excavation / Creative Commons By Dr. Dominique Briquel Professor of Archaeology and Latin Université de Paris-Sorbonne Etruscan Studies 10:12 (2007), 153-161 It may seem strange to associate in this way two entities which, at first glance, would seem to have nothing in common. The civilization of the Etruscans, which flourished in Italy[…]

The Tomb of Fastia Velsi from Chiusi

By Dr. Richard De Puma Professor Emeritus of Art History University of Iowa Etruscan Studies 11:9 (2008), 134-149 The modern Tuscan town of Chiusi is the site of one of the major inland cities of the ancient Etruscans. For centuries the settlement, its cemeteries and the extensive satellite communities have been explored, plundered and excavated.[…]

Etruscan Visual Representations of the Birth of Athena and Minerva: A Comparative Study

The Birth of Minverva, by René-Antoine Houasse, 17th century / Palace of Versailles By Dr. Shanna Kennedy-Quigley Lecturer in Art History University of California, Los Angeles Etruscan Studies 8:5 (2001), 64-78[1] The myth of Zeus’s miraculous propagation of Athena is the subject not only of such Greek poetic masters asHesiod,Homer, Aeschylus, and Euripides, but a[…]