Past and Present: Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque – A History of Conflict

The Masjid al-Aqsa of Jerusalem is linked in the Quran to the story of the night journey of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Jerusalem. By Dr. Ken ChitwoodLecturer, Concordia College New YorkJournalist-fellow, USC Center for Religion and Civic CultureConcordia College New York Introduction The violence that spread from Jerusalem to cities across Israel and the[…]

Herod Agrippa: Last Client King of Ancient Israel

Caligula made Herod king of the territories of Gaulanitis (the Golan Heights), Auranitis, Batanaea, and Trachonitis. Curated/Reviewed by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic HistorianBrewminate Introduction Herod Agrippa, also known as Herod II or Agrippa I (11 BC – AD 44), was a King of Judea from AD 41 to 44 and of Philip’s tetrarchy from 39. He was the last ruler with the royal title reigning over Judea and the father[…]

Listen and Learn: Al-Aqsa – The Most Contentious Place in Jerusalem

The Al-Aqsa Mosque Compound, known to the Jewish people as Temple Mount, is at the center of religious and geopolitical tension. Curated/Reviewed by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic HistorianBrewminate Overview of the Temple Mount Al-Aqsa Mosque located in the Old City of Jerusalem, is the third holiest site in Islam. The mosque was built on top of the Temple Mount, known as the Al[…]

Featured Scholar: Israel Finkelstein and Archaeology in the Holy Land

Finkelstein has carried out his own fieldwork in a variety of sites and regions in Israel and Palestine. Curated/Reviewed by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic HistorianBrewminate Introduction Israel Finkelstein is an Israeli archaeologist, professor emeritus at Tel Aviv University. Finkelstein is active in the archaeology of the Levant and is an applicant of archaeological data in reconstructing biblical history.[1] He is also known[…]

The Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet and the Siloam Inscription

The inscription hence records the construction of the tunnel in ancient Jerusalem. Introduction The Siloam inscription or Shiloah inscripti, known as KAI 189, is a Hebrew inscription found in the Siloam tunnel which brings water from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam, located in the City of David in East Jerusalem neighborhood of Shiloah or Silwan. The inscription records the construction of the tunnel, which has been dated to the 8th century[…]

Orality and Performance in Ancient Israel

Oral-and-literate ancient Israel probably had performance settings that were standardized for its oral narrative literature. By Dr. Robert D. Miller II, O.F.S.Ordinary Professor of Old TestamentAssociate Dean for Graduate StudiesThe Catholic University of America Recent studies in oral tradition have shown that many societies produced oral and written literature simultaneously. Such a model for biblical[…]

Ancient Judaea as a Roman Province

Immediately following the deposition of Herod Archelaus in 6 CE as a client king, Judea was turned into a Roman province. Introduction The Roman province of Judea, sometimes spelled in its original Latin forms of Iudæa or Iudaea to distinguish it from the geographical region of Judea, incorporated the regions of Judea, Samaria and Idumea,[…]

A History of Ancient Israel and Judah

Following the installation of client kingdoms under the Herodian dynasty, the Province of Judea was wracked by civil disturbances. Introduction The Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah were related kingdoms from the Iron Age period of the ancient Levant. The Kingdom of Israel emerged as an important local power by the 10th century[…]

Meet the Hasmoneans: A Brief History of a Violent Epoch in Ancient Israel

Judas Maccabeus prevailing over the Seleucids, painting by Gustav Dore (1832-1883) / Wikimedia Commons Judas Maccabeus’ death would mark the end of the Maccabean revolt against the Greeks – and the start of the extremely unstable Hasmonean dynasty. By Elon Gilad / 12.23.2014 Writer and Editor Haaretz Introduction Judas Maccabaeus was a Kohen and the[…]

On Overview of the Archaeology of Prehistoric and Ancient Israel

Ruins of the ancient Great Synagogue at Capernaum (or Kfar Nahum) on the shore of the Lake of Galilee, Northern Israel / UNESCO, Wikimedia Commons Examining numerous different archaeological schools, disciplines, concepts, and methods currently in existence in Israel. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.29.2018 Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction LMLK seals with Israeli postage stamps[…]

Kingship in the Ancient Near East and Israel

Kudurru of Nabû-kudurrī-uṣur granting LAK-ti Marduk freedom from taxation for services rendered during his invasion of Elam / Wikimedia Commons Kingship in Israel and other ancient Near Eastern societies is a major focus of modern scholarship and has produced fascinating results. By Dr. Cian Power Researcher in Ancient Near Eastern Studies Harvard University History of[…]

The History of Ancient Canaan (Palestine)

By the 3rd millennium BCE, the southern Levant was a land of small, fortified towns and villages, ruled over by petty kings and chiefs. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 08.24.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction y the 3rd millennium BCE, the southern Levant was a land of small, fortified towns and villages, ruled over by[…]

The Rise and Fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem Following the First Crusade, 1099-1291

Medieval map of Jerusalem by Konrad Grünenberg / Wikimedia Commons The Kingdom of Israel was created after the capture of the city of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099.  06.30.2018 Creation of the Kingdom The Kingdom was created after the capture of the city of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099. One of the leaders Gottfried[…]

Zionism in Europe up to the First World War

Chaim Weizmann, Israel’s first president / Jerusalem Post The longing for Zion, the hope that the dispersed Jews would be brought back to Eretz Israel, the land of Israel, had always been present in Judaism. By Dr. Kerstin Armborst-Weihs / 08.15.2011 Historian and Research Assistant Institute for European History Mainz Introduction The longing for Zion, the hope[…]

Israeli Archaeologists Find 2,700-year-old ‘Governor of Jerusalem’ Seal Impression

A conservator shows a 2,700-year-old clay seal impression which archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority say belonged to a biblical governor of Jerusalem and was unearthed in excavations in the Western Wall plaza in Jerusalem’s Old City January 1, 2018. REUTERS/Nir Elias Reuters / 01.01.2018 The artifact, inscribed in an ancient Hebrew script as “belonging[…]

The God of Israel: An Ancient People’s Growing Definition, Identification, and Understanding

Dome of the Rock and Wailing Wall, Jerusalem / Photo by Peter Mulligan, Creative Commons By Dr. Michael W. Palmer / 12.09.2010 That Israel’s understanding of God changed over time is not a controversial claim. The biblical texts record significant changes very clearly. From Henotheism to Monotheism The twelve gods of the Greek Olympic pantheon with[…]

Emboldened by Trump, Israel Rapidly Expands Illegal Settlements

“The Trump administration is giving Israel the green light to entrench a separate and unequal one-state reality with more illegal settlements.” (Photo: Reuters) Seeing willing partner in new U.S. president, Israel defies U.N. resolution with massive expansion of illegal settlements. By Nika Knight / 01.24.2017 Emboldened by the new right-wing Trump administration, Israel Prime Minister[…]

Israel Advances Plans for Settlements in the West Bank, Despite UN Resolution to Stop

A couple walk in the Israeli settlement of Maale Edumim, in the occupied West Bank on December 24, 2016. / Amir Cohen, Reuters By Agence France-Presse / 12.27.2016 Israel could advance plans this week for thousands of more homes in settlements in annexed east Jerusalem in defiance of a landmark UN resolution demanding an end to such[…]

Holy Land: Zionism from the Dirt

Zionism excavates its secular justification from the Jerusalem dirt By Molly Oringer Doctoral Student in Cultural Anthropology UCLA Recent articles and analyses of Jerusalem’s ever-changing landscape have suggested that archaeological digs, sponsored by government agencies, are replacing state security apparatuses, substituting exhibits and visitors centers for walls, fences, and checkpoints. In the wake of the[…]

In Just Seven Years, It Became Ok For American Academics To Openly Criticize Israel – FINALLY

Students tape their mouths shut in support for Steve Salaita, a professor who lost a job offer from the University of Illinois over dozens of Twitter messages critical of Israel. during a rally at the University of Illinois campus Tuesday, Sept. 9, 2014, in Champaign Ill. (AP Photo/Seth Perlman) In 2007, it was professional suicide[…]