The Significance and Meaning of Street Art in the Middle East

A massive mural of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and US President Donald Trump engaged in a passionate kiss was unveiled Sunday morning, October 29, 2017, painted on the West Bank security barrier near the West Bank city of Bethlehem. REUTERS/Mussa Qawasma Street art is a contemporary culture that is ever-growing and transitioning in significance and meaning.[…]

The Origin of a Jury Trial from Ancient Greece to Medieval England

Kleroterion. This device was used for the jury selection system in Athens. Bronze identification tickets were inserted to indicate eligible jurors who were also divided into tribes. By a random process, a whole row would be accepted or rejected for jury service. There was a kleroteria in front of each court. / Photo by Sharon[…]

The Role of Guilds in the Middle Ages

A medieval baker with his apprentice (scanned from The Medieval Cookbook by Maggie Black). As both business and social organizations, guilds were prolific throughout Europe  between the eleventh and sixteenth centuries.   By Dr. William Bosshardt and Dr. Jane S. Lopus Bosshardt: Professor of Economics, Florida Atlantic University Lopus: Professor Emerita of Economics, California State[…]

Citizenship in Medieval England

From the Domesday Book Today, we tend to think that birth alone confers citizenship. Not so in medieval England. By Dr. Sara M. Butler / 05.03.2018 Professor and King George III Chair in British History The Ohio State University In the late fifteenth century, John Medewall brought his petition before the chancellor at Westminster. He[…]

The History of Ancient Canaan (Palestine)

By the 3rd millennium BCE, the southern Levant was a land of small, fortified towns and villages, ruled over by petty kings and chiefs. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 08.24.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction y the 3rd millennium BCE, the southern Levant was a land of small, fortified towns and villages, ruled over by[…]

A Modern History of Monarchies in the Middle East

A meeting between U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and King Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia on board the USS Quincy in Egypt’s Great Bitter Lake in the Suez Canal. An overview of the history of monarchy in Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and the Emirates. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 08.22.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Saudi Arabia Introduction[…]