Spices and Ceramics Found Aboard 400-Year-Old Portuguese Shipwreck

Divers are seen during the discovery of a centuries-old shipwreck, in Cascais in a photo released Monday. / Augusto Salgado/Cascais City Hall/Handout via Reuters

A 400-year-old shipwreck that signified a time when the spice trade between Portugal and India was booming has been uncovered 40 feet below the water’s surface during a dredging project.

By Dina Kesbeh / 09.25.2018

The shipwreck was discovered off the coast of Cascais, Portugal, not far from the capital, Lisbon.

According to BBC, archaeologists believe the ship sank as it was returning from a voyage to India sometime between 1575 and 1625.

Divers searching the wreck have found spices, nine bronze cannons that were engraved with the Portuguese coat of arms, Chinese ceramics and cowrie shells, which were once used as currency to trade slaves, according to Reuters.

Jorge Freire, project director, told Reuters that this “is the discovery of the decade.”

Another photo released Monday showing divers in Cascais. / Augusto Salgado/Cascais City Hall/Handout via Reuters

“In Portugal, this is the most important find of all time,” Freire says.

The Portuguese government’s directorate-general for cultural heritage plans to examine the items found aboard the wreck, The Guardian reports.

Freire tells the newspaper, “We found the ship on 4 September, using a geophysical survey and divers, and spent four days working on the site.”

The ship was found at the beginning of September. / Augusto Salgado/Cascais City Hall/Reuters

The last time a Portuguese shipwreck was discovered, was in 1994. The ship, Our Lady of the Martyrs, was found in the same general area, close to a military defense complex near Cascais.

Originally published by NPR, reprinted with permission for non-commercial purposes.