A History of Peerage in the United Kingdom

Certain personal privileges are afforded to all peers and peeresses, but the main distinction of a peerage is the title and style thereby accorded. Introduction The peerage in the United Kingdom is a legal system comprising both hereditary and lifetime titles, composed of various noble ranks, and forming a constituent part of the British honours system. The term peerage can be used both[…]

A History of the Gentry Class since the Middle Ages

The term “gentry” by itself is a construct that historians have applied loosely to rather different societies. Introduction Gentry is a largely historical term for the European social class of people who were “well-born, genteel and well-bred”.[1][2] In its widest sense, it refers to people of good social position, from families of long descent, and[…]

History and Theories of Social Class

The notion of social class is still questioned as it becomes even more difficult to define in an increasingly fluid and globalized society. Introduction Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. Anthropologists, historians, and sociologists identify class as universal, although what determines class will vary widely from[…]

The Evolution of Servile Peasants in Medieval Hungary and Catalonia

It was justified by reference to historical myths that nobles and servile peasants were separated by courage and cowardice. Introduction The Uprising of the Catalan servile peasants (remences) between 1462 and 1486 was unusual in the history of European insurrections. Waged by a surprisingly well-armed force of peasants who played an important military role as[…]

The Effects of the Industrial Revolution on the Family, Classes, Occupations, and Nationalities

Different classes of people, the occupations they held, and what nationality they were played a role in how their families were impacted during this time. Introduction Over the course of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, we different aspects of how people were affected during this time. Some examples of how families were affected include occupation[…]

Politics and Class, 1790-1794: Radicalism, Terror, and Repression in Southern France

Popular uprisings and resistance to taxation played havoc with the nine departments into which the National Assembly divided Languedoc. Between 1789 and 1793, popular uprisings and resistance to taxation played havoc with the nine departments into which the National Assembly divided Languedoc. Counterrevolutionaries organized a series of military assemblies between 1790 and the spring of[…]