A Scientific Population History of Ancient Egypt

Scholars have reviewed the available skulls and skeletal evidence on the ancient Egyptians to draw some conclusions. Introduction Egypt has a long and involved demographic history. This is partly due to the territory’s geographical location at the crossroads of several major cultural areas: North Africa, the Middle East, the Mediterranean and Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, Egypt has experienced several invasions during its[…]

The Census in Ancient Rome, 225 to 28 BCE

Examining the census statistics left by official records. It has been customary for historians to accept, though with a parenthetical warning, Beloch’s[1] interpretation’ of the Roman census statistics. While we must continue to consider his work fundamental wherever he succeeded in explaining the basic sources, it is my belief that he frequently abandoned those sources[…]

An Historical Overview of the Census in the Ancient and Medieval World

One of the earliest documented censuses was taken in 500-499 B.C.E. by the Persian Empire’s military for land grants and taxation purposes. Introduction A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). The term is mostly used in connection with national ‘population and housing censuses’[…]