Coffee Roast Guide

Roasting is a heat process that turns coffee into the fragrant, dark brown beans we know and love. Why roast? Roasting brings out the aroma and flavor that is locked inside the green coffee beans. Beans are stored green, a state in which they can be kept without loss of quality or taste.  A green[…]

NASA’s Hubble Spots Possible Water Plumes Erupting on Jupiter’s Moon Europa

This composite image shows suspected plumes of water vapor erupting at the 7 o’clock position off the limb of Jupiter’s moon Europa. The plumes, photographed by NASA’s Hubble’s Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, were seen in silhouette as the moon passed in front of Jupiter. Hubble’s ultraviolet sensitivity allowed for the features — rising over 100[…]

A Brief History of the Middle East from Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages

An ancient fortress in Syria / Creative Commons Introduction “The cradle of civilization.” Throughout the centuries, historians have used these powerful words to describe the Middle East. In the ancient Middle East, many great civilizations rose and fell. The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam each trace their origins back to this part of the[…]

How the Boston Smallpox Epidemic Changed Medicine, Launched a Free Press, and Played a Role in the Rise of the American Revolution

President George Washington’s decision to inoculate the Continental Army against smallpox very likely helped the American Colonies win the Revolutionary War. / “The March to Valley Forge” by William B. T. Trego. By Adam Werrick / 09.24.2016 The Fever of 1721:  The Epidemic That Revolutionized Medicine and American Politics / Stephen Cross The worst smallpox epidemic[…]

Nietzsche’s Demon: The Eternal Return

Arc De Triomphe @ FineArtAmerica By Dr. Timothy Rayner Former Professor of Philosophy University of Sydney Writer/Author Philosophy for Change Alexis was in love with life. Fresh out of art school in Fremantle, Australia, she’d picked up a scholarship to study photography under a famous Parisian photographer. Her mother had urged caution but Alexis persisted[…]