Baby, It’s Cold Outside: Frosty Notes from Roman Britain

Frosty temperatures at Vindolanda in winter 2014. / Photo by the Vindolanda Trust, Creative Commons By Dr. Peter Kruschwitz / 05.08.2014 From The Petrified Muse Professor of Classics Fellow of the Pontifical Academy for Latin (Pontificia Academia Latinitatis) University of Reading An inscription which has long fired my imagination is a fragmentary piece from Habitancum/Risingham[…]

The Civil War: Southern and Northern World Views

Surgeons of the 3rd Division before hospital tent in Petersburg, Va., Aug. 1864. / Library of Congress Lecture by Dr. David Blight / 01.22.2008 Professor of American History Director, Gilder Lehrman Center Yale University A Southern World View: The Old South and Proslavery Ideology Introduction Photo of Alexander H. Stephens, by Julian Vannerson, 1859 /[…]

How Tolstoy’s ‘War and Peace’ Can Inspire Those Who Fear Trump’s America

A Soviet-era stamp depicts a scene from Leo Tolstoy’s ‘War and Peace.’ / Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Ani Kokobobo / 08.22.2016 Assistant Professor of Russian Literature University of Kansas As a professor of Russian literature, I couldn’t help but notice that comedian Aziz Ansari was inadvertently channeling novelist Leo Tolstoy when he claimed that “change[…]

The Old Testament and Its Authors

The Isaiah Scroll is the only complete biblical book surviving among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Found in Cave One at Qumran in 1947, it dates from about 120 BCE / Shrine of the Book, Israel Museum, Jersualem By Dr. Mark Damen / 07.25.2015 Professor of Ancient Drama, Ancient History, Latin and Greek Languages Utah State[…]

Benjamin Franklin: His Life and the Revolution, from His Own Pen

Portrait of Benjamin Franklin at 79 years of age, by Joseph Duplessis, 1785 / National Portrait Gallery, Washington Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 01.30.2017 Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction   Left: Deborah Read Rogers Franklin, by Benjamin Wilson, 1758 / American Philosophical Society Museum Right: William Franklin, by Mather Brown, 1790 / Collection of David A[…]

History of the Soviet Union, 1924-1929: Propaganda and Youth Organization

Stalin visiting the ailing Lenin at his dacha in Gorki. / Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Lewis Siegelbaum / 12.28.2015 Professor of Russian and European History Michigan State University Antireligious Propaganda   Left: Gesundheit!, by Mikhail Cheremnykh (1923) / Moscow: M.K.R.K.P Right: Religion is the Opiate of the People / Hoover Political Poster Database Among the[…]

The Enlightenment and the Public Sphere

French salon, by Anicet-Charles-Gabriel Lemonnier, 1812 / Musée national des châteaux de Malmaison et de Bois-Préau Lecture by Dr. John Merriman / 09.17.2008 Charles Seymour Professor of History Yale University Six Ways That the Enlightenment Mattered La Liberté guidant le peuple (Liberty Leading the People), by Eugene Delacroix, 1830 / Louvre Museum I’m going to[…]