The Trouble with Gypsies

A Gypsy caravan / Wikimedia Commons Studying the Gypsies taught this British historian that we learn more about Us than Them when we see how they were treated. By Dr. David Cressy / 11.11.2018 Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History The Ohio State University Whenever I told anyone that I was writing a history of Gypsies[…]

Understanding Borders and ‘East Central Europe’ in the 19th and 20th Centuries

A narrower concept of “East Central Europe” remains the dominant one in the German-speaking countries. By Dr. Joachim von Puttkamer / 11.11.2015 Professor of Eastern European History Aleksander Brückner Center for Polish Studies Introduction “Central and Eastern Europe” or “East Central Europe” in its usual sense encompasses the countries of Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and[…]

The Ninth Crusade: A Final, Fruitless Push

Blanche of Castile and Louis IX of France / Creative Commons Ultimately the Crusaders were forced to withdraw. I Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 11.23.2018 Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction The Ninth Crusade, which is sometimes grouped with the Eighth Crusade, is commonly considered to be the last major medieval Crusade to the Holy Land. It took place in[…]

The Seventh Crusade: Capture, Ransom, Another Failure

A 14th century CE illustration of Louis IX of France (r. 1226-1270 CE) departing Aigues Mortes for Egypt on the Seventh Crusade (1248-1254 CE) / Wikimedia Commons The Seventh Crusade cost Louis IX a massive 1.5 million livres tournoi, about six times his annual income as King of France. By Mark Cartwright / 09.12.2018 Historian The Seventh Crusade (1248-1254 CE) was led by the French[…]

How the Virgin Mary Brings Together Four Different Faiths in India and Pakistan

Mass inside the church dedicated to our Lady of Good Health in Valenkanni, Tamil Nadu. D.Fernandes, Author provided A common place of worship in India and Pakistan offers solace and bonds religious minorities in Pakistan. By Dr. Donna Fernandes / 02.03.2017 Researcher, Program Coordinator Habib University Karachi is the most violent city in Pakistan. A total of 1,046 deaths related to terror and militancy were reported there in 2016,[…]

An Overview of Pakistani Folklore

Baloch Raaj, The Death of Doda Pakistani folklore is shaped both by the languages and traditions of the various ethnic groups that make up the population, and by the religious convictions of the people in each region. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 11.23.2018 Public Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction Sohni Swims to Meet Her Lover Mahinwal,[…]