Makahiki: The Ancient Hawaiian New Year Festival to Lono

The Makahiki season is the ancient Hawaiian New Year festival, in honor of the god Lono of the indigenous Hawaiian religion. Introduction Makahhiki is a holiday covering four consecutive lunar months, approximately from October or November through February or March. The focus of this season was a time for men, women and chiefs to rest,[…]

The Origin and History of the BCE/CE Dating System

The use of BCE/CE certainly has become more common in recent years but it is not a new invention of the “politically correct” nor is it even all that new, first appearing in 17th-century Germany and 18th-century England. Introduction In recent years, a persistent criticism has been leveled against the use of the BCE/CE system[…]

A History of the Western Calendar

Examining different historical calendars and the origin of the western calendar. Principles of Historical Calendars Overview Most historical calendars have been abstractions of the major observable astronomical cycles, especially the sun and moon. Widely different cultures often wind up with similar looking calendars, and at first sight it might seem as if direct influence were[…]

Janus: The Roman God of Beginnings and Endings

Detail from The Temple of Janus by Peter Paul Rubens. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons On January 1, we consider the origins of Janus, after whom this month is named. Dr. Caillan Davenport / 12.31.2017 Senior Lecturer in Classics and Ancient History and ARC DECRA Senior Research Fellow Macquarie University January 1 can be a day of regret and reflection – did I really[…]