Peculiarities of the Evolution of Machine Technology in Italy during 19th Century

Peculiarities were due to Italian reunification political issues as well as attitudes to science and technology combine with strong individualism. Abstract This paper deals with peculiarities of Italian Industrial Revolution on machinery by looking at aspects on enterprise developments and university frames. The outline showed a historical evolution that started in South Italy and after[…]

America Moves to the City: Urban Growth in the Late Nineteenth Century

The industrial boom of the late 19th century led Americans and immigrants to leave farming life and head to the city. Introduction Americans increasingly moved into cities over the course of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a movement motivated in large measure by industrialization. Eleven million people migrated from rural to urban areas[…]

Responses of China and Japan to the West in the 19th Century

Nanjing Jinling Arsenal 1865, built by Li Hongzhang / Wikimedia Commons In the 19th century, after a long period of isolationism, China and then Japan came under pressure from the West to open to foreign trade and relations. By Giulia Valentini / 12.2012 Contracts and Administrative Assistant European Climate Foundation In the 19th century, after a long[…]

Internal Migration in France and Germany Before and During the Industrial Revolution

This image shows the machine works of Richard Hartmann in Chemnitz, Germany. Hartmann was one of the most successful entrepreneurs and largest employers in the Kingdom of Saxony. / Hinweise zur lizenzgerechten Weiterverwendung des Bildes, Wikimedia Commons The greater portion of mobility occurred within or between regions as people relocated their labor, material wealth, and cultural notions. By Leslie Page[…]

Technological Progress from the Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution

Waterwheel, Darley Mill Centre / Wikimedia Commons Exploring the idea that we must think of technology in much broader terms than just material culture. By Brian Dickens Introduction Everyone has heard the terms “Stone Age,” “Bronze Age”, and “Iron Age”; associated with particular periods of history. For most people, these terms conjure up an entire image[…]

The Industrial Revolution: Rising on the Back of Agricultural Technology

Exploring the industrial revolution which changed the landscape and infrastructure of Britain forever. By Dr. Matthew White Visiting Research Fellow University of Hertfordshire The 18th century saw the emergence of the ‘Industrial Revolution’, the great age of steam, canals and factories that changed the face of the British economy forever. Early Industry Early 18th century British[…]

Coal and the Industrial Revolution

By Dr. Thomas G. Andrews Assistant Professor of History University of Colorado As of 1860, the United States was an industrial laggard. Great Britain, France, and Germany each produced more goods than their transatlantic counterpart. By 1900, however, U.S. industrial production exceeded “the combined manufacture of its three main rivals.” Why, and with what consequences?[…]

The Decline of Wood as an Economic Force with the Rise of the Industrial Revolution

The trail of the Centenary Walk in Epping Forest, south of High Beach, Essex – England / Photo by Diliff, Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Bernd-Stefan Grewe / 12.05.2011 Chair Holder and Director Institute of History Didactics and Public History University of Tübingen Introduction For centuries, the woodlands of Europe were not only used for wood production, but[…]

Industrial Revolution Left a Damaging Psychological ‘Imprint’ on Today’s Populations of England and Wales

Wellcome Library Study finds people in areas historically reliant on coal-based industries have more ‘negative’ personality traits. Psychologists suggest this cognitive die may well have been cast at the dawn of the industrial age. 12.10.2017 People living in the former industrial heartlands of England and Wales are more disposed to negative emotions such as anxiety[…]