Whose Apocalypse? A New Mercantile Meaning of the “The End” in the New World circa 1600

Some argued that Philip IV was destined to rebuild the temple of Jerusalem at the end of time. [LEFT]: From Diego Valades, Rhetorica Christiana, 1579.[RIGHT]: From Gaspar de Escalona Aguero, Gazophilatium regium Perubicum, 1647. It is hard to imagine two images more different than these. The first appeared in Rhetorica Christiana, a book published in Perugia[…]

Calypso’s Island: A Short History of the Apocalypse

The End of History is proclaimed anew by each new generation and each new culture. Mesopotamia, Circa 2000 BCE Orphans of Ur O my flooded, washed awayBrickwork of Ur!My good house, my city,you who have been piled in heaps,As I lay myself down with youin a breach in your good ravaged house,I shall, like a fallen oxnever[…]