The Perils of Periodization: Roman Ceramics in Britain after 400 CE

Early Imperial Roman ceramic bowls, early 1st century CE / Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York   By Dr. Keith Fitzpatrick-Matthews and Dr. Robin Fleming Fitzpatrick-Matthews: Archaeology Officer, North Hertfordshire Museum Fleming: Professor of History, Boston College 5 (2016) Abstract The post-Roman Britons of the fifth century are a good example of people invisible to[…]

Gifts of Art in Ancient Rome

Still Life with Peaches and Water Jar (left), Still Life with a Silver Tray with Prunes, Dried figs, Dates and Glass of Wine (center), and Still Life withBranch of Peaches, Fourth Style wall painting from Herculaneum, Italy, c. 62-69 C.E., fresco, 14 x 13 1/2 inches (Archaeological Museum, Naples) By Dr. Lea K. Cline / 04.22.2017[…]

Of Piers, Polltaxes and Parliament: Articulating Status and Occupation in Late Medieval England

  By Dr. L.R. Poos and Dr. Martha D. Rust Poos: Professor of History, Late Medieval and Early Modern England, The Catholic University of America Rust: Associate Professor of English, New York University 5 (2016) Abstract We examine the articulation and vocabulary of a newly complex social order demarcated by occupation and status in England[…]

An Honest Bed: The Scene of Life and Death in Late Medieval England

    By Dr. Katherine French (left), Dr. Kathryn Smith (center), and Dr. Sarah Stanbury (right) French: J. Frederick Hoffman Professor of History, University of Michigan Smith: Professor of Art History, New York University Stanbury: Distinguished Professor of Arts and Humanities, College of the Holy Cross 5 (2016) Abstract Our article explores the bed as[…]

Hadrian at the Acropolis Museum of Athens

By Carole Raddato / 04.29.2014 Historian The Acropolis Museum in Athens celebrated the 1900th anniversary of Hadrian’s accession with the presentation of an exquisite portrait of the Emperor found in Syngrou Avenue and of an interesting video which showcased the Emperor’s immense building program in Athens. The presentation run from 15th January to 31st March[…]

The History of Art and Architecture in the Islamic World

Great Mosque at Damascus (Photo: G. Lewis) Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 04.12.2017 Brewminate Editor-in-Chief A Beginner’s Guide Introduction to Islam By Dr. Elizabeth Macauley-Lewis Assistant Professor, Graduate Center of Liberal Studies City University of New York Origins and the life of Muhammad the Prophet Islam, Judaism and Christianity are three of the world’s[…]

Pagan Shrines and Temples of Ancient Rome

The Roman temple Maison Carré of Nimes, France, built 19-16 BCE, dedicated to Gaius and Lucius, the grandsons of Augustus / Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Rodolfo Lanciani Professor of Roman Topography (1878-1927) Università di Roma Ancient guide-books of Rome, published in the middle of the fourth century,[34] mention four hundred and twenty-four temples, three hundred[…]

Art and Architecture of the Ancient Near East

Map of the Ancient Near East / Wikimedia Commons Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 04.14.2016 Brewminate Editor-in-Chief The Cradle of Civilization Introduction By Dr. Senta German Faculty of Classics Andrew W Mellon Foundation Teaching Curator, Ashmolean Museum University of Oxford Mesopotamia, the area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (in modern day Iraq), is[…]

Using the Medieval Book

Medieval book model / Whetton & Grosch By Dr. Eric Kwakkel / 12.08.2014 Professor of Medieval History University of Leiden Introduction Up to around the year 1200, members of religious houses—monks and nuns—were the primary consumers of books. They produced the objects themselves and in high numbers, because religious houses could not function without them.[…]

Nazi Art Looting in Holland

Postcard issued by Antiquitäten Gustav Cramer at Lennéstrasse 8 in Berlin, Germany, approximately 1938, showing the interior of the gallery. The new address in The Hague, Netherlands, is printed on recto. Photo: Wilhelm Jacob, Berlin no. 4, Kesselstr. 36. The Getty Research Institute, 2001.M.5 Rare documents from the Dutch art market during World War II[…]

Are Fractal Patterns in Nature and Art Aesthetically Pleasing and Stress-Reducing?

A fern repeats its pattern at various scales. Michael, CC BY-NC By Dr. Richard Taylor / 03.30.2017 Professor of Physics Director of the Material Science Institute University of Oregon Humans are visual creatures. Objects we call “beautiful” or “aesthetic” are a crucial part of our humanity. Even the oldest known examples of rock and cave[…]

The Great Relief at Mamallapuram

Descent of the Ganges or Arjuna’s Penance, 7th-8th century, Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu, India (photo: Nireekshit, Wikimedia Commons) By Dr. Edward Fosmire / 04.06.2017 Professor of Art Santa Ana College Introduction A cat stands on one leg in imitation of a holy man while plump mice gather around. A family of elephants, with several calves in tow, approaches[…]

Pioneers of Posters in the United States

By Guity Novin / 03.23.2014 Graphic Designer, Artist Introduction The US history of posters is intimately connected with advertisement for commerce, politics, and war. Early settlers in the American colonies produced most of what they consumed at home, but a few precious goods were bought in stores. Newspapers were scarce — the first in America[…]

The Hand of Louis XV

Installation view of Right Hand from the Equestrian Statue of Louis XV (1758); in the background, a quote on Bouchardon by French art critic and designer Charles Nicolas Cochin (French, 1715–1790). Sculpture by Edme Bouchardon, courtesy Musée du Louvre, Paris. Photo: J. Paul Getty Museum How did an impressive symbol of royal power survive the[…]

“It Is Written”?: Making, Remaking, and Unmaking Early ‘Writing’ in the Lower Nile Valley

  By Dr. Kathryn Piquette / 12.18.2013 Senior Research Consultant and Imaging Specialist University College London Introduction Figure 1: Map of Egypt with main find sites for inscribed labels, vessels and stelae in bold (after Spencer 1993: 19, fig. 6). Analysis and interpretation of inscribed objects often focus on their written meanings and thus their[…]

The Influence of Early Mediterranean Writing Surfaces on Textual Appearance

By Dr. Alan Johnston / 12.18.2013 Professor of Archaeology University College London Background It is my intention is to consider the extent to which writing surfaces, rather than other considerations, may be seen to have influenced the appearance of text in the early centuries of alphabetic writing in the Mediterranean world, with special emphasis on[…]

Written Greek but Drawn Egyptian: Script Changes in a Bilingual Dream Papyrus

Figure 1: P.Cairo 30961 recto. Photograph Ahmed Amin, Egyptian Museum, Cairo. By Dr. Stephen Kidd / 12.18.2013 Robert Gale Noyes Assistant Professor of Classics Brown University Introduction In a 3rd-century bce Greco-Egyptian letter inscribed on papyrus, a man writes to his friend about a recent dream. He is writing in Greek, but in order to[…]

Materiality of Minoan Writing: Modes of Display and Perception

By Dr. Georgia Fouda / 12.18.2013 Anthropology/Archaeology Heraklion Archaeological Museum Introduction Writing helps to objectify ideas and to mediate symbols by expressing and transmitting information and meaning through its visual form, which is also constituted by its materiality. Recent cross-disciplinary studies have demonstrated that considering writing not from a purely epigraphical stance but as material[…]

Charters, Pitchforks, and Green Seals: Text and Materiality in Late Medieval Revolts

The seal of Henry de Percy, 1301 / Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Christoph Mauntel / 08.28.2015 Professor of the History of Religion in Europe Universität Heidelberg Introduction Richard II meets the rebels on 13 June 1381 in a miniature from a 1470s copy of Jean Froissart’s Chronicles. / Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris During the[…]

Pre-Hellenic Greek Dress

Minoan Snake Goddess figurines c 1600 BCE. / Heraklion Archaeological Museum By Ethel B. Abrahams In seeking to conjure up a vivid picture of the life of an ancient people, it is the task of the archæologist to neglect no point that can in any way throw light on the manners and customs which that[…]

The Geometric Mosaics at Khirbat Mar Elyas (Northern Jordan): A Comparative Study

  By Dr. Mohammad Nassar and Dr. Abdulmajeed Sabbagh Nassar: The University of Jordan Sabbagh: Umm Al-Qura University Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 56 (2016), 528-555 The Great Church at Khirbat Mar Elyas is one of the most important sites with geometric mosaic pavements in northern Jordan, with one the of best-preserved baptistries in the[…]