The Vikings in Ireland

Screenshot from a video game called War of the Vikings showing fighting Vikings, with some of their ships visible, too. / Photo by John Rickne, Community Manager, Paradox Interactive, Wikimedia Commons What exactly motivated the Vikings to set sail for Ireland (or the British Isles in general) is subject to ongoing debate. By Emma Groeneveld / 12.11.2017 Historian In early[…]

Vikings Ships and Seafaring

Viking Longship Replica / Wikimedia Commons The Vikings used a variety of vessels for different purposes, from broad ships to fishing vessels, but the longship is the most iconic ship associated with them. The longship was sturdy enough to traverse the seas but nimble enough to navigate rivers, It could be powered by sails or[…]

Scribes and Scholars in Byzantium

From Lucian of Samosata by Nicolas Perrot d’Ablancourt, 1697 Byzantine manuscripts were created by and for educated men both in Constantinople and further afield. Georgi Parpulov explores the lives and works of some of these figures. By Dr. Georgi Parpulov Research Fellow, CATENA Project Department of Theology and Religion University of Birmingham In Antiquity and the Middle Ages, educated[…]

Book Collections and Libraries of Byzantium

Seventh ecumenical council, Icon, 17th century, Novodevichy Convent, Moscow / Photo by shakko, Wikimedia Commons Byzantine scribes and authors refer repeatedly to book collections and libraries. Georgi Parpulov outlines what private, monastic and imperial libraries were like in medieval Byzantium. By Dr. Georgi Parpulov Research Fellow, CATENA Project Department of Theology and Religion University of[…]

Of Muses and Magnets: Inspiration for a New Technique in Stone Conservation

Large Sarcophagus with the Muses (detail), mid-3rd century, Roman. Marble, 53 15/16 × 88 3/16 in. The J. Paul Getty Museum, 72.AA.90. Photo: Tahnee Cracchiola The story of how pieces of a Roman sarcophagus bearing Greek Muses were prepared to return to the Getty Villa galleries. By Jens Daehner and William Shelley / 05.29.2018 Daehner:[…]

Caryatid Columns of Ancient Greece

A detail of the south porch of the Erechtheion temple on the Athenian acropolis. The building was constructed between 421 to 406 BCE to house the ancient wooden cult statue of Athena and as a shrine to various local deities including Erechtheus. / Photo by Dennis Jarvis, Flickr, Creative Commons The term Caryatid first appears in the 4th century BCE and[…]