Artist John Trumbull: Documenting the Founding of a Nation

John Trumbull, The Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776, 1786–1820, oil on canvas, 20 7/8 x 31 inches / 53 x 78.7 cm (Yale University Art Gallery) Like many artists of the early-Federal period, the name John Trumbull is not one immediately recognized by most Americans.  But his paintings are. By Dr. Bryan Zygmont / 02.25.2016 Associate[…]

How Medieval Towns Paved the Way for Capitalism

Economic, legal, and social institutions emerged that were essential to the development of an extensive and complex market economy. By LTC Richard M. Ebeling, PhD / 10.12.2016 BB&T Distinguished Professor of Ethics and Free Enterprise Leadership The Citadel Introduction While the manors, to a great extent, survived through a rather comprehensive system of self-sufficiency, the[…]

The Church in the Middle Ages: From Dedication to Dissent

Illustration of Pope Boniface VIII and his Cardinals / British Library, Public Domain Examining how the Church, a powerful force in the Middle Ages, was organized, why people went on pilgrimages, and what happened to dissenters. By Dr. Alixe Bovey Head of Research Courtald Institute of Art The Church was the single most dominant institution[…]

Rome’s Seat of Passion: The Archaeology and History of the Circus Maximus

Wide view of Circus Maximus, Rome, Italy / Photo by Peter Clarke, Wikimedia Commons The Circus Maximus as evidence to both the flexibility of public spaces and usages by the aristocracy from pre-Roman times through the Roman Empire. By Cody Scott Ames / 04.06.2016 Abstract It is a place where the general public can gather[…]

Uruk: The Birth of Architecture and Urban Life

Detail of a relief at Persepolis showing a procession of subject peoples bringing gifts characteristic of their homelands as tribute for the Persian king A great transformation in human life took place in ancient Mesopotamia with the rise of the city of Uruk. By Dr. Margarete Van Ess Professor of Near Eastern Archaeology Deutsches Archäologisches[…]