How Does Smoking/Vaping Affect Your Sports Performance?

VAPING AND SMOKING AS HOBBIES NOWADAYS: ALL THE WHYs? Vaping and smoking are becoming more and more popular today. People, living in the 21st century cannot spend time drinking and being on the booze for days, they use the more convenient drug for relaxation – nicotine. They can take it and still function in society.[…]

A History of Baseball and Statistics

An obsession with statistics has made teams better than ever — but the game is now more tedious for fans to watch. Since sportswriter Henry Chadwick popularized the box score in the 19th century, baseball fans have had a love affair with statistics. Many can recite records like Joe DiMaggio’s 56-game hitting streak, Rickey Henderson’s 130 stolen[…]

The Golden Age of Chicago Baseball in an Era of Social Turmoil, 1901-1919

One of the leisure activities some Chicagoans could enjoy was a day at the ballpark. Chicago in 1900: An Industrial, Immigrant City with a Strong Baseball Tradition In the early twentieth century, Chicago, along with a number of other American cities, experienced dramatic social dislocations caused by industrialization, an influx of European immigrants, and the[…]

Is Shoeless Joe Jackson Innocent? The Black Sox Scandal 100 Years Later

What do Pete Rose, Rob Manfred, Barry Bonds, and Ted Williams have in common? Why, Shoeless Joe Jackson, of course. By Granville Wyche Burgess Major League Baseball has had its share of controversies and scandals, but perhaps none has had a more lasting impact than the Black Sox Scandal of 1919. At the center of[…]

How the 1869 Cincinnati Red Stockings Turned Baseball into a National Sensation

The Red Stockings made professionalism – which had been previously frowned upon – acceptable to the American public. This Major League Baseball season, fans may notice a patch on the players’ uniforms that reads “MLB 150.” The logo commemorates the Cincinnati Red Stockings, who, in 1869, became the first professional baseball team – and went on to win[…]

Entertainment in Georgian Britain, from Pleasure Gardens to Blood Sports

During the Georgian period a host of entertainments were available to those seeking relief from their everyday routines. Theatre The 18th century was the great age of theatre. In London and the provinces, large purpose-built auditoriums were constructed to house the huge crowds that flocked nightly to see plays and musical performances. A variety of[…]

The Hippodrome of Constantinople: Sports and Entertainment in Ancient Byzantium

Many important Roman cities had an arena which hosted thrilling chariot races and more for public entertainment. By Mark CartwrightHistorian Introduction The Hippodrome of Constantinople was an arena used for chariot racing throughout the Byzantine period. First built during the reign of Roman emperor Septimius Severus in the early 3rd century CE, the structure was[…]

Breaking the NFL Quarterback Color Barrier in 1969

How James Harris changed the NFL’s marquee role. An hour or two before kickoff on the night of August 15, 1969, a rookie quarterback named James Harris noticed a well-dressed man about a foot shorter than him approaching through the tunnel beneath Detroit’s Tiger Stadium. His 5-foot-4 height notwithstanding, the man was a former NFL[…]