How Two Introverted French Women Quietly Fought the Nazis

Lucy and Suzanne’s story shows that quiet, persistent rewriting of the narrative of oppression can be a powerful means of fighting back. Whenever Lucy Schwob and Suzanne Malherbe went into town to do some shopping, they also snuck messages to the Nazi occupation forces. Suzanne pulled a small note typed on a piece of thin[…]

‘Positives Christentum’: Christianity in Nazi Germany

Hitler identified himself as Christian and said “the [Nazi] Party represents the standpoint of Positive Christianity”. Introduction Positive Christianity (German: Positives Christentum) was a movement within Nazi Germany which mixed the belief that the racial purity of the German people should be maintained by mixing Nazi ideology with elements of Christianity. Adolf Hitler used the[…]

Fascism: A Brief History of Its Origins and Practice

Fascism is a far-right theory of government that opposes the political philosophies of the Englightenment and the 19th century. Definition and Beliefs Fascism is an ultranationalist, authoritarian political philosophy. It combines elements of nationalism, militarism, economic self-sufficiency, and totalitarianism. It opposes communism, socialism, pluralism, individual rights and equality, and democratic government. Fascism places the importance[…]

The Holocaust in Ukraine, 1941-1944

Executions of Jews by German army mobile killing units (Einsatzgruppen) near Ivangorod, Ukraine / Wikimedia Commons The Holocaust is organically and integrally connected to the attempt to conquer Ukraine. Curated/Reviewed by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic HistorianBrewminate Introduction The Holocaust in Ukraine took place in Reichskommissariat Ukraine during the occupation of the Soviet Ukraine by Nazi Germany in World War II.[5] Between 1941 and 1944 more than[…]

An Analysis of the Techniques of Nazi Propaganda

Hitler (left) and Nazi Propaganda Minister Göbbels (center) / National Archives and Records Administration, Wikimedia Commons Looking k at the calculated methodology adopted by the Nazi party under the guidance of both Adolf Hitler and Joseph Göbbels. By Dr. Karthik Narayanaswami Harvard University Introduction As we examine the chronology of events leading up to the Holocaust, it[…]

Dictatorship and Totalitarianism in World War II

Examining the rise of Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.08.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Germany: Adolf Hitler The Weimar Republic The rebellion, November 1918 / German Federal Archives, Wikimedia Commons Following the complete collapse of Germany’s armed forces throughout the waning months of 1918, German generals and politicians desperately sought to[…]

The 1938 Munich Agreement: A ‘Peace for Our Time’ Facade

Hitler signing the Munich Agreement, 30 Sep 1938 / Public Domain The Munich Agreement is commonly called the Munich Dictate by Czechs and Slovaks. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.02.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction The Munich Agreement (Czech: Mnichovská dohoda; Slovak: Mníchovská dohoda; German: Münchner Abkommen) was an agreement regarding the Sudetenland Crisis among[…]

The Influence and Use of Visual Arts in Nazi Germany

Nazi propaganda poster By Yanan Bie University of Birmingham Abstract This article will discuss the influence of visual art in Nazi Germany from two parts of visual arts, which are political photography and poster propaganda, analyzing the unique social and historical stage of Nazi Germany. And it emphasizes the ideology of the Nazis, which in[…]

World War II: The Rise of Fascism and Nazism

Click image to enlarge The years between the First and Second World Wars were politically and economically tumultuous for the United States and especially for the world. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 08.12.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction The years between the First and Second World Wars were politically and economically tumultuous for the United[…]

The Dreadful History of Children in Concentration Camps

Child survivors of Auschwitz are seen in this 1945 photograph. (Creative Commons) The more notorious concentration camps of the 20th century must serve as a stark reminder of the depravity of tearing children away from their parents and putting them in camps. By Dr. Wilson T. Bell / 06.20.2018 Assistant Professor of History and Politics Thompson Rivers University Children and family have been central to the institution of the concentration camp from its[…]

Top Five Myths about Hitler

Eva Braun and Adolf Hitler / Wikimedia Commons Many untrue facts about Hitler have been surprisingly resilient. By Dr. Thomas Weber / 11.08.2017 Chair in History & International Affairs University of Aberdeen 1. Hitler was really called Schicklgruber. Would Germans have been prepared to greet each other with a hearty ‘Heil Schicklgruber’ every day? Could Hitler have[…]

How Hitler Used a Lie about November 9 as the Foundation for the Third Reich

Making of a demagogue. Wikimedia The Nazi fuhrer’s story about his ‘resurrection’ in 1918 is an important lesson for today. By Dr. Thomas Weber / 11.08.2017 Chair in History & International Affairs University of Aberdeen  As Adolf Hitler worked on his secret first autobiography in the summer of 1923, he faced a problem. He had decided that in Adolf Hitler:[…]

Building Hitler’s Supergun: The Plot to Destroy London and Why It Failed

Mimoyecques, in Calais, where Hitler built his supergun. Prioryman Hitler’s plan for a weapon that would outgun the allies was doomed – but one engineer has been trying to find out how it worked. By Dr. Hugh Hunt / 11.21.2015 Reader in Engineering Dynamics and Vibration University of Cambridge The V-3 “supergun” was meant to win the war for Germany. In 1943,[…]

The Making of the Führer

A young Adolf Hitler cheering the rhetoric World War I. How the Great War spawned a tyrant. By Paul Ham / 06.24.2018 The collapse of any society brings forth monsters, to adapt Goya. In this sense, there was nothing uniquely German about the Nazis. Hitler and the National Socialist party he created could have happened[…]

Hitler at Home: How the Nazi PR Machine Remade the Führer’s Domestic Image and Duped the World

Walter Frentz photographed Adolf Hitler strolling with German diplomat Walther Hewel in the Berchtesgaden Alps, near the dictator’s mountain home. ww2gallery/flickr, Creative Commons The timing of Hitler’s home renovations coincided with his public makeover as a statesman and diplomat. By Despina Stratigakos / 09.21.2015 Associate Professor of Architecture University of Buffalo The State University of New York On March 16, 1941 –[…]

Strike!!! Strike!!! Strike!!! When Dutch Workers Said No to the Nazi Persecution of Dutch Jews

Protests against the Horrible Holocaust !!! Stop! Stop! Stop! By Dr. Peter Cole / 02.25.2018 Professor of History Western Illinois University People are powerful. Some have forgotten how strong ordinary people, when united, can be. Others never learned this fact. All people must do is put their hands in their pockets at work. That is, strike.[…]

The Nazis as Occult Masters: It’s a Good Story but Not History

Look into my eyes… Adolf Hitler photographed by his personal photographer practicing for public speaking in 1925. / Photo by Gamma/Getty By Dr. Peter Staudenmaier / 06.09.2017 Associate Professor of History Marquette University Maybe it started with Indiana Jones. When Raiders of the Lost Ark premiered in 1981, audiences were treated to the vivid spectacle[…]