Propagating Propaganda: Franklin Barrett’s Red, White, and Blue Liberty Bond Carp

The story of this “Liberty Bond Fish” and the wider use of animals in propaganda during Word War I. By Dr. Laurel WaycottAssistant Professor of Anthropology, History, and Social MedicineUniversity of California, San Francisco This article, Propagating Propaganda: Franklin Barrett’s Red, White, and Blue Liberty Bond Carp, was originally published in The Public Domain Review under[…]

Peace to Be Picked Up: The Secret Diplomacy Failure of 1916 that Changed the World

From August 1916 until the end of January 1917, leaders from Germany, Britain, and the United States secretly struggled to end the Great War. By Dr. Philip ZelikowWhite Burkett Miller Professor of HistoryJ. Wilson Newman Professor of GovernanceMiller Center of Public AffairsUniversity of Virginia On August 12, 1916, France’s president, Raymond Poincaré, walked up to[…]

The Reel Story of the Great War: Videography during World War I

Soldiers were assigned to capture the action and sacrifice on camera for purposes of both patriotism and propaganda. The War According to CBS-TV By far the largest grouping of World War I film titles is located in the CBS collection. It contains footage collected from numerous sources by CBS TV for its landmark 1964–1965 documentary[…]

America Enters the Great War: Wilson’s Struggle Preparing the Nation for World War I

In his speech before Congress, Wilson laid out evidence of why the United States should now join its allies, Great Britain and France. Introduction On April 2, 1917, Washington buzzed with excitement. While “a soft fragrant rain of early spring” poured over the city, thousands of people clogged the streets and hotels; others stood near[…]

‘Milksops’ and ‘Bemedalled Old Men’: Veterans and Youth in the Weimar Republic

Reichstag Building / Creative Commons Reconsidering traditional assumptions about the connection between the First World War and the rise of National Socialism in Germany. By Dr. Kristian Mennen Post-Doctoral Research Fellow Freie Universität Berlin Abstract This article[1] reconsiders traditional assumptions about the connection between the First World War and the rise of National Socialism in Germany, according[…]

Woodrow Wilson and Consequential Armistice Decisions

The heads of the “Big Four” nations at the Paris Peace Conference, 27 May 1919. From left to right: David Lloyd George, Vittorio Orlando, Georges Clemenceau, and Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson has received generally high grades for presidential leadership in surveys of historians, political scientists, and biographers. Is that valid? By Dr. Robert Brent Toplin / 11.08.2018 Professor Emeritus[…]

Woodrow Wilson and the Entry of the U.S. into World War I

Wilson campaign vehicle, New York City, March 1916: “Who Keeps Us Out of War?” How idealistic was he, really?    By Dr. Roger Peace (left) and Dr. Jeremy Kuzmarov / 11.10.2018 Peace: Adjunct Professor of History, Tallahassee Community College Kuzmarov: Lecturer in History, Tulsa Community College World War One marked a turning point in human[…]

The Great War’s Unfinished Agenda

Much of our world today is what they fought against. By Dr. David Del Testa / 11.09.2018 Associate Professor of History Bucknell University As the world collectively gathers to remember those who fought in World War I a century ago, it’s tempting to consider this milestone as just a vestige of the past revisited only[…]

India as a British Colony in World War I and World War II

From the largest volunteer army to the secret agent Noor Inayat Khan, examining the contributions made by South Asians in World War One and Two.      By (left-to-right) Dr. Susheila Nasta, Dr. Florian Stadtler, and Dr. Rozina Visram Nasta: Chair in Modern Literature, The Open University Stadtler: Senior Lecturer in Postcolonial Literatures, University of Exeter Visram: Author and Historian Introduction Asian[…]

Commemorating the ‘Great War,’ America’s Forgotten Conflict

Doughboys fighting in France, 1917. Associated Press It was ‘the Good War,’ the ‘war to end all wars.’ So why has World War I been largely forgotten by Americans? Dr. G. Kurt Piehler / 11.10.2018 Associate Professor of History Florida State University World War I was still a living memory for most Americans when I was growing up in the 1960s and early[…]

After the Great War: Nationalism, Degenerationism, and Mass Psychology

Mass psychology and nationalism as as a form of degeneration, or a barbarous and cruel regression after the Great War. By Dr. Juan García-García Professor of Business Management and Sociology Universidad de Extremadura Abstract This article explores the influence of psychological language and discourses on the contemporary view of nationalism, an issue that has only begun to be[…]

Democracy and Its Discontents: Walter Lippmann and the Crisis of Politics (1919-1938)

Walter Lippmann / Public Domain The interwar period was a moment of deep crisis everywhere. By Dr. Francesco Regalzi / 04.12.2011 Professor of Political Science University of Turin The interwar period was a moment of deep crisis everywhere. The already strong shock of World War I, a conflict that involved different continents with political and[…]

Europe before 1914 and the ‘Great War’

Original designs for battleship HMS Dreadnought, produced by the British Royal Navy in 1905 / British Library, Public Domain Considering factors such as globalization and military advancement and examining the political and diplomatic landscape of Europe before the outbreak of World War One. By Dr. David Stevenson / 01.29.2014 Stevenson Professor of International History The[…]

The Knights of the Front: Medieval History’s Influence on Great War Propaganda

A knight fighting a dragon, 15th-century woodcut / Rauner Special Collections Library, Wikimedia Commons The emergence of medieval imagery in the First World War propaganda. By Haley E. Claxton This article focuses on the emergence of medieval imagery in the First World War propaganda. Examining several specific uses of medieval symbolism in propaganda posters from[…]

Why paint war? British and Belgian Artists in World War One

Battle of the Somme by Muirhead Bone, official British Wart Artist, 1916 / British Library, Public Domain British and Belgian artists of World War One, from Henry de Groux and his eyewitness responses to the Belgian invasion, to the later generation of British artists who transformed their frontline experiences into abstract, modernist artworks. By Dr.[…]

The Origins and Outbreak of World War I

Public Domain How did World War One break out? Professor David Stevenson closely examines the three stages that led to war being declared between Austria-Hungary, Serbia, Germany, Russia, France, and Britain. By Dr. David Stevenson / 01.29.2014 Stevenson Professor of International History The London School of Economics and Political Science In July-August 1914 an international[…]

Weapons of World War One

Senior Curator Paul Cornish looks at the developments in weaponry technology and strategy that led to the modern warfare of World War One, which was characterized by deadly new weapons, trench deadlocks, and immense numbers of casualties. By Paul Cornish / 01.29.2014 Senior Curator Imperial War Museums London 1914 witnessed the clash of huge armies[…]

How World War I Sparked the Artistic Movement that Transformed Black America

Aaron Douglas. “Aspects of Negro Life: From Slavery to Reconstruction.” Oil on canvas, 1934. The New York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Art and Artifacts Division. Many associate post-World War I culture with Hemingway and Fitzgerald’s Lost Generation. But for black artists, writers and thinkers, the war changed the way they saw their past and their future. By Dr. Elizabeth J. West / 05.31.2017[…]

The Long Legacy of World War I

Three soldiers at an observation station on the Western Front in 1918. / National Library of Scotland To mark the 100th anniversary of American military involvement in World War I, three distinguished historians address the question: What do you think is the most important legacy of the First World War? Bruno Cabanes describes how the sheer[…]