Crusader Fortifications and Siege Weaponry in the Holy Land

Krak des Chevaliers, Syria / Photo by Bernard Gagnon, Wikimedia Commons The 13th century saw a number of significant changes in the design of European and Islamic fortifications. By Dr. David Nicolle The Development of Crusader Fortifications The 13th century saw a number of significant changes in the design of European and Islamic fortifications, the[…]

The Rise and Fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem Following the First Crusade, 1099-1291

Medieval map of Jerusalem by Konrad Grünenberg / Wikimedia Commons The Kingdom of Israel was created after the capture of the city of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099.  06.30.2018 Creation of the Kingdom The Kingdom was created after the capture of the city of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099. One of the leaders Gottfried[…]

Were the Crusades Bound to Fail?

A battle of the Second Crusade (illustration of William of Tyre’s Histoire d’Outremer, 1337) / Wikimedia Commons By Dr. Nicholas Morton / 03.25.2018 Senior Lecturer in History Nottingham Trent University Looking back from the Twenty-First century, one of the most easily-identifiable facts about the medieval Crusades to the Holy Land is that they conspicuously failed. The crusaders were obviously[…]

A Brief History of the Crusades

Knight, Psalter, with litany, prayers and Easter tables (The “Westminster Psalter”), c. 1200, f. 220 (British Library) By Dr. Susanna A. Throop / 08.08.2015 Assistant Professor of Art History Ursinus College What Were the Crusades? What comes to mind when you think of the crusades? Earnest and alarmingly buff knights (in shining armor, of course)[…]