How Hitler Became Germany’s Fascist Führer

Hitler took advantage of severe conditions at the time that were extremely favorable for the fast growth of his monstrous movement. Introduction In 1934, after the death of German President Paul von Hindenburg, Chancellor Adolf Hitler became the absolute dictator of Germany under the title Fuhrer or “Leader”. He ruled Germany with an iron fist[…]

The Holocaust in Ukraine, 1941-1944

Executions of Jews by German army mobile killing units (Einsatzgruppen) near Ivangorod, Ukraine / Wikimedia Commons The Holocaust is organically and integrally connected to the attempt to conquer Ukraine. Curated/Reviewed by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic HistorianBrewminate Introduction The Holocaust in Ukraine took place in Reichskommissariat Ukraine during the occupation of the Soviet Ukraine by Nazi Germany in World War II.[5] Between 1941 and 1944 more than[…]

How the Nazis Twisted the Swastika into a Symbol of Hate

An orange flag with the traditional Indian swastika on top of ancient Hindu temples in the Himalayas. (Shutterstock) The swastika, an ancient and innocent symbol in many cultures for hundreds of years, now represents racial hatred. By Dr. James M. Skidmore / 08.31.2017 Director, Waterloo Centre for German Studies University of Waterloo   The images from Charlottesville, Va., of white supremacists marching with Nazi[…]

Conflict, Violence, and Conflict Resolution in Hunting and Gathering Societies

April 1562, The Timucua, an indigenous tribe in Florida, shoot burning arrows into the village of a rival tribe. The huts, made of dry palm branches, burn quickly and the attackers could escape unpursued. Original Artwork: After an engraving by Jacques Le Moyne. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images) Conflicts prior to the development of agriculture which[…]

Adolf Hitler and ‘Nationalism’

Adolf Hitler and his entourage take a stroll in Paris on June 23, 1940 / German Federal Archives, Wikimedia Commons Examining Adolf Hitler’s conceptualization of Nationalism – the Nation and who, in Hitler’s thinking, comprises it. By John Cai Benjamin Weaver / 05.16.2011 Doctoral Candidate, Department of Political and Economic Studies University of Helsinki Adolf[…]

An Analysis of the Techniques of Nazi Propaganda

Hitler (left) and Nazi Propaganda Minister Göbbels (center) / National Archives and Records Administration, Wikimedia Commons Looking k at the calculated methodology adopted by the Nazi party under the guidance of both Adolf Hitler and Joseph Göbbels. By Dr. Karthik Narayanaswami Harvard University Introduction As we examine the chronology of events leading up to the Holocaust, it[…]

Dictatorship and Totalitarianism in World War II

Examining the rise of Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.08.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Germany: Adolf Hitler The Weimar Republic The rebellion, November 1918 / German Federal Archives, Wikimedia Commons Following the complete collapse of Germany’s armed forces throughout the waning months of 1918, German generals and politicians desperately sought to[…]

The 1938 Munich Agreement: A ‘Peace for Our Time’ Facade

Hitler signing the Munich Agreement, 30 Sep 1938 / Public Domain The Munich Agreement is commonly called the Munich Dictate by Czechs and Slovaks. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 10.02.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction The Munich Agreement (Czech: Mnichovská dohoda; Slovak: Mníchovská dohoda; German: Münchner Abkommen) was an agreement regarding the Sudetenland Crisis among[…]

The Influence and Use of Visual Arts in Nazi Germany

Nazi propaganda poster By Yanan Bie University of Birmingham Abstract This article will discuss the influence of visual art in Nazi Germany from two parts of visual arts, which are political photography and poster propaganda, analyzing the unique social and historical stage of Nazi Germany. And it emphasizes the ideology of the Nazis, which in[…]

World War II: Victory in the European Theater

Prime Minister Winston Churchill, President Franklin Roosevelt, and Premier Joseph Stalin / Library of Congress Franklin Roosevelt entered World War II with an eye toward a new postwar world, one where the United States would succeed Britain as the leader of Western capitalist democracies. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 08.12.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction[…]

World War II: The Rise of Fascism and Nazism

Click image to enlarge The years between the First and Second World Wars were politically and economically tumultuous for the United States and especially for the world. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 08.12.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Introduction The years between the First and Second World Wars were politically and economically tumultuous for the United[…]

Stalin, Hitler, and Mussolini: A Trifecta of 20th-Century Tyranny

Seduction, propaganda, and ultimate power and control. Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 08.05.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief Benito Mussolini and Fascism in Italy (1922-1939) Mussolini in an official portrait / Wikimedia Commons Benito Mussolini, born into a poor blacksmith’s family, was so named by his radically socialist father (his mother was a devout Catholic schoolteacher)[…]

Top Five Myths about Hitler

Eva Braun and Adolf Hitler / Wikimedia Commons Many untrue facts about Hitler have been surprisingly resilient. By Dr. Thomas Weber / 11.08.2017 Chair in History & International Affairs University of Aberdeen 1. Hitler was really called Schicklgruber. Would Germans have been prepared to greet each other with a hearty ‘Heil Schicklgruber’ every day? Could Hitler have[…]

How Hitler Used a Lie about November 9 as the Foundation for the Third Reich

Making of a demagogue. Wikimedia The Nazi fuhrer’s story about his ‘resurrection’ in 1918 is an important lesson for today. By Dr. Thomas Weber / 11.08.2017 Chair in History & International Affairs University of Aberdeen  As Adolf Hitler worked on his secret first autobiography in the summer of 1923, he faced a problem. He had decided that in Adolf Hitler:[…]

Building Hitler’s Supergun: The Plot to Destroy London and Why It Failed

Mimoyecques, in Calais, where Hitler built his supergun. Prioryman Hitler’s plan for a weapon that would outgun the allies was doomed – but one engineer has been trying to find out how it worked. By Dr. Hugh Hunt / 11.21.2015 Reader in Engineering Dynamics and Vibration University of Cambridge The V-3 “supergun” was meant to win the war for Germany. In 1943,[…]

The Making of the Führer

A young Adolf Hitler cheering the rhetoric World War I. How the Great War spawned a tyrant. By Paul Ham / 06.24.2018 The collapse of any society brings forth monsters, to adapt Goya. In this sense, there was nothing uniquely German about the Nazis. Hitler and the National Socialist party he created could have happened[…]

Hitler at Home: How the Nazi PR Machine Remade the Führer’s Domestic Image and Duped the World

Walter Frentz photographed Adolf Hitler strolling with German diplomat Walther Hewel in the Berchtesgaden Alps, near the dictator’s mountain home. ww2gallery/flickr, Creative Commons The timing of Hitler’s home renovations coincided with his public makeover as a statesman and diplomat. By Despina Stratigakos / 09.21.2015 Associate Professor of Architecture University of Buffalo The State University of New York On March 16, 1941 –[…]